Male-female differences in labor market outcomes during the early transition to market: The cases of Estonia and Slovenia
Changes in women's relative wages and employment are analyzed, using social security data from Slovenia (1987-1992) and a retrospective labor force survey in Estonia (1989-1994). Estonia adopted liberal labor market policies. Slovenia took an interventionist approach. Nevertheless, relative wages for women rose in both countries. Factors favoring women included: returns to human capital rose in transition, benefiting women; relative labor demand shifted toward predominantly female sectors; low-wage women had a disproportionate incentive to exit the labor market, especially in Estonia. However, women were less mobile across jobs in both countries, so men disproportionately filled new jobs in expanding sectors.
Volume (Year): 13 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
|Note:||Received: 27 November 1997/Accepted: 20 December 1998|
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