Male-female differences in labor market outcomes during the early transition to market: The cases of Estonia and Slovenia
Changes in women's relative wages and employment are analyzed, using social security data from Slovenia (1987-1992) and a retrospective labor force survey in Estonia (1989-1994). Estonia adopted liberal labor market policies. Slovenia took an interventionist approach. Nevertheless, relative wages for women rose in both countries. Factors favoring women included: returns to human capital rose in transition, benefiting women; relative labor demand shifted toward predominantly female sectors; low-wage women had a disproportionate incentive to exit the labor market, especially in Estonia. However, women were less mobile across jobs in both countries, so men disproportionately filled new jobs in expanding sectors.
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Volume (Year): 13 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
|Note:||Received: 27 November 1997/Accepted: 20 December 1998|
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