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Finance, Institutions and Economic Growth

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  • Panicos Demetriades

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  • Siong Hook Law

Abstract

Using data from 72 countries for the period 1978-2000, we find that financial development has larger effects on growth when the financial system is embedded within a sound institutional framework. This is particularly true for poor countries, where more finance without sound institutions is likely to fail in delivering more growth. For these countries, we find that improvements in institutions are likely to deliver much larger direct effects on growth than financial development itself. They are also likely to have positive indirect effects through the financial system, particularly when the latter is already providing large amounts of credit to the private sector. We also find that financial development is most potent in delivering extra growth in middle-income countries. Its effects are particularly large when institutional quality is high. Institutional improvements can also deliver more growth in these countries, especially when the financial system is well developed. Finally, we also find that while the effects of financial development in high-income countries are much smaller than in middle-income countries, even in these countries financial development has larger effects on growth when institutional quality is high.

Suggested Citation

  • Panicos Demetriades & Siong Hook Law, 2004. "Finance, Institutions and Economic Growth," Discussion Papers in Economics 04/5, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
  • Handle: RePEc:lec:leecon:04/5
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    File URL: http://www.le.ac.uk/economics/research/RePEc/lec/leecon/dp04-5.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Tong, Jian & Xu, Chenggang, 2003. "Financial institutions and the wealth of nations: tales of development," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 404, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    2. Chiraz Feki & Sirine Mnif, 2016. "Entrepreneurship, Technological Innovation, and Economic Growth: Empirical Analysis of Panel Data," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(4), pages 984-999, December.
    3. Tong, Jian & Xu, Chenggang, 2003. "Financial institutions and the wealth of nations: tales of development," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 0404, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    4. Pappas, Anastasios, 2010. "Capital mobility and growth: Evidence from Greece," MPRA Paper 29105, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Alexandru MINEA & Patrick VILLIEU, 2010. "Développement Financier, Qualité Institutionnelle Et Croissance : Un Modèle Simple Avec Effets De Seuil," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 32, pages 31-58.
    6. Abdelkarim Yahyaoui & Atef Rahmani, 2009. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Role of Institutional Quality," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 56(3), pages 327-357, September.
    7. Jean-Pierre Allegret & Sana Azzabi, 2012. "Développement financier, croissance de long terme et effets de seuil," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 59(5), pages 553-581, December.
    8. Demetriades, Panicos O. & Andrianova, Svetlana, 2005. "Sources and Effectiveness of Financial Development: What We Know and What We Need to Know," WIDER Working Paper Series 076, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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