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Legal Origin, Colonial Origins and Deforestation

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  • Sébastien Marchand

    (Centre d''Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International (CERDI) - Université d''Auvergne)

Abstract

This paper investigates whether inherited legacies such as legal origin allow for the explanation of deforestation in 110 developed and developing countries. I hypothesize that differences on deforestation among countries can be attributed to their legal systems. Also, since nearly all common law countries are former English colonies, and nearly all civil law countries were colonized by France, Spain or Portugal, legal origins and colonial history are strongly correlated, so that one can not attribute all the effect of legal system. Overall I find that (i) French civil law countries deforest less than English common law ones in the total sample, in the sample of colonized countries and in the sample of tropical developing countries; (ii) Former French colonies deforest less than previous English colonies. These results are robust when geography features are controlled for since the process of colonization was not random and depended on initial geographic and climatic conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Sébastien Marchand, 2012. "Legal Origin, Colonial Origins and Deforestation," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(2), pages 1653-1670.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-11-00449
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Per G. Fredriksson & Jim R. Wollscheid, 2018. "Legal origins and environmental policies: evidence from OECD and developing countries," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 369-375, October.
    3. Per Fredriksson & Jim Wollscheid, 2015. "Legal Origins and Climate Change Policies in Former Colonies," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 62(2), pages 309-327, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Deforestation; Colonial Legacies; Legal Origin.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems

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