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Opportunities in Higher Education: An Application in France

  • Magali Jaoul-Grammare
  • Brice Magdalou

This paper first sets out criteria to evaluate the inequality of opportunity in higher education. We propose a two-level classification, by distinguishing the categorial and the counterfactual approaches. For each approach, we consider dominance quasi-orderings and inequality measures. We then apply these criteria to the French higher education system, by comparing the situation in 1992 and 2004. Our main findings reveal that: (i) there is inequality of opportunity in each of the two years; (ii) even if we cannot say that the situation was unambiguously better in 1992, we can nevertheless state that the inequality of opportunity haven’t decreased significantly in the meantime.

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File URL: http://www.lameta.univ-montp1.fr/Documents/DR2013-05.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Paper provided by LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier in its series Working Papers with number 13-05.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2013
Date of revision: Mar 2013
Handle: RePEc:lam:wpaper:13-05
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  14. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1552 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Daniele Checchi & Vito Peragine, 2010. "Inequality of opportunity in Italy," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 8(4), pages 429-450, December.
  16. Vito Peragine, 2004. "Measuring and implementing equality of opportunity for income," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 22(1), pages 187-210, 02.
  17. Claude Thélot & Louis-André Vallet, 2000. "La réduction des inégalités sociales devant l'école depuis le début du siècle," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 334(1), pages 3-32.
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