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How do the Asian Economies Compete with Japan in the US Market, China Exceptional? A Triangular Trade Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Yushi Yoshida

    () (Faculty of Economics, Kyushu Sangyo University)

  • Hiro Ito

    (Department of Economics, Portland State University)

Abstract

Political conflicts among trading partners have changed their forms with ever-increasing flows of foreign direct investment. A decrease in the exports of Japan might merely be a reflection of a global production shift by Japanese multinational corporations. We investigate the effect of Japanese trade on the exports of other countries to the United States in the 1990s. In our sample we include eight Asian countries besides the US and Japan. With the trade data disaggregated at the HS 4-digit level, we regress the exports of an Asian country to the US on the Japanese exports to the US and the third-country, and the Japanese FDI to a third-country in a panel data specification. Among eight countries investigated, we find the evidence that Chinese and Japanese exports are substitutes in the US market while the exports of China to the US are partly promoted by Japanese FDI to China. The estimation result confirms a view that China competes vigorously with Japan in the US market while Japanese multinationals are adjusting their production bases to China in a process of reforming a new global production network.

Suggested Citation

  • Yushi Yoshida & Hiro Ito, 2004. "How do the Asian Economies Compete with Japan in the US Market, China Exceptional? A Triangular Trade Approach," Discussion Papers 18, Kyushu Sangyo University, Faculty of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kyu:dpaper:18
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    File URL: http://www.ip.kyusan-u.ac.jp/keizai-kiyo/dp18.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Thorbecke, Willem, 2008. "Global imbalances, triangular trading patterns, and the yen/dollar exchange rate," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 503-517, December.
    2. Yushi Yoshida, 2005. "Outsourcing of Intermediate Manufacturing Products in Asian Economies," Discussion Papers 21, Kyushu Sangyo University, Faculty of Economics.
    3. Thorbecke, Willem, 2008. "The effect of exchange rate volatility on fragmentation in East Asia: Evidence from the electronics industry," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 535-544, December.
    4. Yushi Yoshida & Hiro Ito, 2005. "Distance on FDI and Trade: The Roles of China and Mexico in the Pacific Basin," Discussion Papers 24, Kyushu Sangyo University, Faculty of Economics.
    5. García-Mainar, Inmaculada & Montuenga-Gómez, Víctor M., 2009. "Education returns of wage earners and self-employed workers: Response," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 645-647, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; Foreign Direct Investment; Japan; Trade; Triangular Trade Approach;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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