Culture, Intermarriage, and Immigrant Women's - Labor Supply
We examine the impact of culture on the work behavior of second-generation immigrant women in Canada. We contribute to the current literature by analyzing the role of intermarriage in intergenerational transmission of culture and its subsequent effect on labor market outcomes. Using relative female labor force participation and total fertility rates in the country of ancestry as cultural proxies, we ﬁnd that culture matters for the female labor supply. Cultural proxies are signiﬁcant in explaining number of hours worked by second-generation women with immigrant parents. Our results provide evidence that the impact of cultural proxies is signiﬁcantly larger for women with immigrant parents who share same ethnic background than for those with intermarried parents. The fact that the effect of culture is weaker for women who were raised in intermarried families stresses the importance of intermarriage in assimilation process. Our ﬁndings imply that government policies targeting labor supply of women may have differential effect on labor market behavior of immigrant women of different ancestries.
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