Firm Size and the Choice of Export Mode
In international trade models, it is typically assumed that manufacturers ship their goods directly to their foreign customers. In reality, however, many manufacturers call in trade intermediaries to perform this task for them. Which manufacturers make use of this option? Theory suggests that it is mostly the small firms which are not profitable enough to cover the high fixed costs of building an own distribution network abroad. Large and eefficient firms, on the contrary, prefer to export their goods directly. The present paper brings this hypothesis to a test. Using survey data from the World Bank Enterprise Survey conducted in Turkey in 2008, it shows that there is indeed a negative correlation between firm size and the relative importance of intermediated exports. This result is highly robust to the inclusion of a variety of controls, different estimation methods, and different measures of firm size.
|Date of creation:||29 Mar 2011|
|Date of revision:||29 Mar 2011|
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- Pol Antrás & Arnaud Costinot, 2010.
"Intermediation and Economic Integration,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 424-428, May.
- Pol Antràs & Arnaud Costinot, 2010. "Intermediation and Economic Integration," NBER Working Papers 15751, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Antràs, Pol & Costinot, Arnaud, 2010. "Intermediation and Economic Integration," CEPR Discussion Papers 7697, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Costinot, Arnaud & Antras, Pol, 2010. "Intermediation and Economic Integration," Scholarly Articles 4784026, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Pol Antràs & Arnaud Costinot, 2011. "Intermediated Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(3), pages 1319-1374.
- Pol Antràs & Arnaud Costinot, 2010. "Intermediated Trade," NBER Working Papers 15750, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Antras, Pol & Costinot, Arnaud, 2011. "Intermediated Trade," Scholarly Articles 4784024, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Antràs, Pol & Costinot, Arnaud, 2010. "Intermediated Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 7696, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.