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Employment Adjustment and Part-time Jobs: The U.S. and the U.K. in the Great Recession

Author

Listed:
  • Borowczyk-Martins, Daniel

    () (Copenhagen Business School)

  • Lalé, Etienne

    () (University of Québec at Montréal)

Abstract

We document that fluctuations in part-time employment play a major role in movements in hours per worker, especially during cyclical swings in the labor market. Building on this result, we propose a novel representation of the intensive margin based on a stock-flow framework. The evolution of part-time employment is predominantly explained by cyclical changes in transitions between full-time and part-time employment, which occur overwhelmingly at the same employer and entail large changes in individuals' working hours. We discuss implications for a large class of macroeconomic models that map individual decisions along the extensive/intensive margins onto aggregate labor market outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Borowczyk-Martins, Daniel & Lalé, Etienne, 2016. "Employment Adjustment and Part-time Jobs: The U.S. and the U.K. in the Great Recession," IZA Discussion Papers 9847, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp9847
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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel Borowczyk-Martins & Etienne Lalé, 2016. "The Rise of Part-time Employment," Sciences Po Economics Discussion Papers 2016-04, Sciences Po Departement of Economics.
    2. Daniel Borowczyk-Martins & Etienne Lalé, 2015. "How Bad is Involuntary Part-time Work?," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 15/664, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK, revised 13 Jan 2016.
    3. Daniel Borowczyk-Martins & Etienne Lalé, 2018. "The welfare effects of involuntary part-time work," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 183-205.
    4. Giovanni Razzu & Carl Singleton, 2016. "Segregation and Gender Gaps through the UK’s Great Recession," Economics & Management Discussion Papers em-dp2015-02, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    5. Fernandes, Ana P. & Ferreira, Priscila, 2017. "Financing constraints and fixed-term employment: Evidence from the 2008-9 financial crisis," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 215-238.
    6. Valletta, Robert G. & Bengali, Leila & van der List, Catherine, 2015. "Cyclical and market determinants of involuntary part-time employment," Working Paper Series 2015-19, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    7. repec:iza:izawol:journl:y:2017:n:397 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Carl Singleton, 2016. "Long-term unemployment and the Great Recession: Evidence from UK stocks and flows," ESE Discussion Papers 273, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.
    9. Hélène Couprie & Xavier Joutard, 2017. "Atypical Employment and Prospects of the Youth on the Labor Market in a Crisis Context," THEMA Working Papers 2017-08, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    10. Daniel Schaefer & Carl Singleton, 2017. "Real Wages and Hours in the Great Recession: Evidence from Firms and their Entry-Level Jobs," CESifo Working Paper Series 6766, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    employment; hours; part-time work; Great Recession;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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