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How Interethnic Marriages Affect the Educational Attainment of Children: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

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  • van Ours, Jan C.

    () (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Veenman, Justus

    () (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Abstract

The allocation of Moluccan immigrants across towns and villages at arrival in the Netherlands and the subsequent formation of interethnic marriages resemble a natural experiment. The exogenous variation in marriage formation allows us to estimate the causal effect of interethnic marriages on the educational attainment of children from such marriages. We find that children from Moluccan fathers and native mothers have a higher educational attainment than children from ethnic homogeneous Moluccan couples or children from a Moluccan mother and a native father.

Suggested Citation

  • van Ours, Jan C. & Veenman, Justus, 2008. "How Interethnic Marriages Affect the Educational Attainment of Children: Evidence from a Natural Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 3308, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3308
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael O. Emerson & Rachel Tolbert Kimbro & George Yancey, 2002. "Contact Theory Extended: The Effects of Prior Racial Contact on Current Social Ties," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 83(3), pages 745-761.
    2. Kantarevic, Jasmin, 2004. "Interethnic Marriages and Economic Assimilation of Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 1142, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Xin Meng & Robert G. Gregory, 2005. "Intermarriage and the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 23(1), pages 135-176, January.
    4. Delia Furtado, 2012. "Human Capital And Interethnic Marriage Decisions," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 50(1), pages 82-93, January.
    5. Jan C. van Ours & Justus Veenman, 2003. "The educational attainment of second-generation immigrants in The Netherland," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(4), pages 739-753, November.
    6. Vincent Fu, 2001. "Racial intermarriage pairings," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 38(2), pages 147-159, May.
    7. van Ours, J.C. & Veenman, J.M.C., 2005. "Age at Immigration and Educational Attainment of Young Immigrants," Discussion Paper 2005-11, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    8. Brian Duncan & Stephen J. Trejo, 2007. "Ethnic Identification, Intermarriage, and Unmeasured Progress by Mexican Americans," NBER Chapters,in: Mexican Immigration to the United States, pages 229-268 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Furtado, Delia, 2009. "Cross-Nativity Marriages and Human Capital Levels of Children," IZA Discussion Papers 3931, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Brian Duncan & Stephen Trejo, 2006. "Ethnic Identification, Intermarriage, and Unmaresured Progress by Mexican Americans," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0602, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    11. S. Karthick Ramakrishnan, 2004. "Second-Generation Immigrants? The "2.5 Generation" in the United States," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 85(2), pages 380-399.
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    Cited by:

    1. Belot, Michèle & Fidrmuc, Jan, 2010. "Anthropometry of love: Height and gender asymmetries in interethnic marriages," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 361-372, December.
    2. Sara Bonfanti, 2014. "Calling into Question the Link between Educational Achievement and Migrant Background," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers p0381, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    3. van Ours, Jan C. & Veenman, Justus, 2010. "How interethnic marriages affect the educational attainment of children: Evidence from a natural experiment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 111-117, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    educational attainment; interethnic marriages;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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