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A comparison between unidimensional and multidimensional approaches to the measurement of poverty


  • Costa, Michele

    (Department of Statistics, University of Bologna, Italy)


The paper presents a comparison between an unidimensional approach to the measurement of poverty, obtained as a function of observable income, and a multidimensional approach, defined on the basis of economic, social, demographic and cultural indicators. The comparison is carried out by means of rank correlation analysis, which stresses how the two approaches indicate the presence of two different sets of poor households. An analysis performed on 12 European countries shows that income based evaluation provides only partial insights on poverty condition.

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  • Costa, Michele, 2003. "A comparison between unidimensional and multidimensional approaches to the measurement of poverty," IRISS Working Paper Series 2003-02, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  • Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2003-02

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ravallion, M., 1998. "Poverty Lines in Theory and Practice," Papers 133, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
    2. Costa, Michele, 2002. "A multidimensional approach to the measurement of poverty," IRISS Working Paper Series 2002-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sudarno Sumarto & Daniel Suryadarma & Asep Suryahadi, 2007. "Predicting Consumption Poverty using Non-Consumption Indicators: Experiments using Indonesian Data," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 81(3), pages 543-578, May.
    2. Feubi Pamen, Eric Patrick & Gankou, Jean Marie & Emini, Arnault Christian, 2010. "Dynamique de la pauvreté non monétaire au Cameroun entre 2001 et 2007: analyse en correspondances multiples et tests de dominance stochastique
      [Dynamic of non monetary poverty in Cameroon between 2
      ," MPRA Paper 32701, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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