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Quel espace d’évaluation pour la pauvreté ? Une analyse des interactions théoriques entre utilités, ressources et capabilités

Listed author(s):
  • Alexandre Bertin

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

La mise en œuvre de programmes de lutte contre la pauvreté et les inégalités nécessite, au préalable, d’opter un espace d’évaluation permettant de définir les critères d’identification des ménages pauvres. Cet article se propose d’étudier de façon croisée trois espaces habituellement mobilisés : espace des revenus, espace des besoins essentiels et espace des capabilités. La question principale est de savoir si, théoriquement, ces approches offrent une information redondante ou au contraire une information complémentaire. La réponse à cette question n’étant pas univoque, nous nous proposons d’en analyser les conséquences, notamment en matière de richesse informationnelle. The implementation of anti-poverty policies requires, before all, to choose a space of evaluation making it possible to define the identifying information of the poor households. This article proposes to study in a cross way three usually mobilized spaces: incomes space, basic needs space and capabilities space. The fundamental question is to know if, theoretically, these approaches offer redundant information or on the contrary additional information. The answer to this question not being univocal, we propose to analyze the consequences. (Full text in french)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 125.

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Length: 14 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2006
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:125
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  1. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1999. "Pauvreté, ménages et genre en Afrique subsaharienne," Série de recherche 03, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  2. Kakwani, Nanak, 1980. "On a Class of Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(2), pages 437-446, March.
  3. Ravallion, M., 1998. "Poverty Lines in Theory and Practice," Papers 133, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
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