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Modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté et marché du travail en Afrique : le cas du Burkina Faso

  • Jean-Pierre LACHAUD

    (Centre d’économie du développement, Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV)

La présente étude propose d'examiner la fécondité d'une modélisation économétrique des déterminants de la pauvreté au Burkina Faso en 1994-95. Dans cette optique, après avoir examiné les aspects conceptuels et méthodologiques relatifs à la modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté et la dimension sociale du développement burkinabé, ce papier incorpore deux dimensions analytiques nouvelles. Tout d'abord, il suggère une articulation spécifique des causes des faibles niveaux de vie aux modes de participation au marché du travail. Ensuite, plusieurs approches quant à la modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté sont successivement proposées : modèle logistique multinomial des déterminants de la distribution du niveau de vie selon les quintiles, la participation au marché du travail étant exogène; modèle où le choix des groupes socio-économiques est endogène, ce qui implique une analyse des déterminants du niveau de vie spécifique à chaque groupe. Cette approche analytique met en évidence l'importance des choix méthodologiques, l'existence de facteurs communs - modulables selon le genre du chef de ménage et le milieu - quant à l'explication de la pauvreté selon les segments du marché du travail, en même temps que la présence de spécificités liées aux hypothèses adoptées et aux groupes socio-économiques considérés.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2000034.

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Length: 52
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2000
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Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2000034
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