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Modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté et marché du travail en Afrique : le cas du Burkina Faso

Author

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  • Jean-Pierre LACHAUD

    (Centre d’économie du développement, Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

La présente étude propose d'examiner la fécondité d'une modélisation économétrique des déterminants de la pauvreté au Burkina Faso en 1994-95. Dans cette optique, après avoir examiné les aspects conceptuels et méthodologiques relatifs à la modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté et la dimension sociale du développement burkinabé, ce papier incorpore deux dimensions analytiques nouvelles. Tout d'abord, il suggère une articulation spécifique des causes des faibles niveaux de vie aux modes de participation au marché du travail. Ensuite, plusieurs approches quant à la modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté sont successivement proposées : modèle logistique multinomial des déterminants de la distribution du niveau de vie selon les quintiles, la participation au marché du travail étant exogène; modèle où le choix des groupes socio-économiques est endogène, ce qui implique une analyse des déterminants du niveau de vie spécifique à chaque groupe. Cette approche analytique met en évidence l'importance des choix méthodologiques, l'existence de facteurs communs - modulables selon le genre du chef de ménage et le milieu - quant à l'explication de la pauvreté selon les segments du marché du travail, en même temps que la présence de spécificités liées aux hypothèses adoptées et aux groupes socio-économiques considérés.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pierre LACHAUD, 2000. "Modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté et marché du travail en Afrique : le cas du Burkina Faso," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2000034, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2000034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lourdes Diaz Olvera & Didier Plat & Pascal Pochet, 1999. "Mobilité quotidienne des citadins à faibles ressources. Les enseignements de Ouagadougou," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(160), pages 829-848.
    2. Lassassi, Moundir & Hammouda, Nacer-Eddine, 2009. "Déterminants de la participation au marché du travail et choix occupationnel: une analyse microéconométrique appliquée au cas de l'Algérie
      [Microeconometric analysis of determinants of occupational
      ," MPRA Paper 31189, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Moundir LASSASSI & Nacer-eddine HAMMOUDA, 2012. "Le Fonctionnement Du Marché Du Travail En Algérie : Population Active Et Emplois Occupés," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 35, pages 99-120.
    4. Koloma, Yaya, 2012. "DETERMINANTS de la pauvreté et genre des bénéficiaires de microfinance au Mali
      [DETERMINANTS of poverty by gender of beneficiaries of microfinance in Mali]
      ," MPRA Paper 40644, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Nacer-Eddine Hammouda & Moundir Lassassi, 2011. "Micro Econometric Analysis Of Determinants Of Occupational Choice In Algeria," Working Papers 05, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
    6. repec:pra:mprapa:40631 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pauvreté; marché du travail; modélisation;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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