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Modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté et marché du travail en Afrique : le cas du Burkina Faso

The present study proposes to examine the fruitfulness of an econometric modeling of the determinants of poverty in Burkina Faso in 1994_95, in order to build a “poverty profile” which is not only founded on a decomposition of measurements of the latter according to specified sub_groups. Accordingly, after having examined the conceptual and methodological aspects relating to the modeling of the determinants of poverty, and having specified the macroeconomic context and the social dimension of the burkinabè development, this paper incorporates two new analytical dimensions.First of all, it suggests a specific articulation of the causes of the low standards of living to the modes of participation in the labour market. Then, several approaches as for the modeling of the determinants of poverty are successively proposed:logistic multinomial modelof the determinants of the distribution of the standard of living according to the quintiles, the participation in the labour market being exogenous; model where the choice of the socio-economic groups is endogenous, which implies an analysis of the determinants of the standard of living specific to each group;decomposition of the sources of income of the households and evaluation of their relative share in terms of inequality and wellbeing. This analytical approach underlines the importance of the methodological choices, the existence of common factors - flexible according to the gender of the household head and the areas - as for the explanation of poverty according to segments of the labour market, and, at the same time, the presence of specificities related to the adopted assumptions and the socio_economic groups considered. (Full text in French)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 32.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Nov 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:32
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  1. Carvalho, S. & White, H., 1997. "Combining the Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches to Poverty Measurement and Analysis. The Practice and the Potential," Papers 366, World Bank - Technical Papers.
  2. Ravallion, Martin, 1996. "Issues in Measuring and Modelling Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(438), pages 1328-43, September.
  3. Rodgers G, 1985. "Labour markets, labour processes and economic development: some research issues," ILO Working Papers 241842, International Labour Organization.
  4. Ravallion, M., 1992. "Poverty Comparisons - A Guide to Concepts and Methods," Papers 88, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  5. Coulombe, Harold & Mckay, Andrew, 1996. "Modeling determinants of poverty in Mauritania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 1015-1031, June.
  6. Hausman, Jerry & McFadden, Daniel, 1984. "Specification Tests for the Multinomial Logit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(5), pages 1219-40, September.
  7. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
  8. Ravallion, Martin & Bidani, Benu, 1993. "How robust is a poverty profile?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1223, The World Bank.
  9. Khandker, S.R., 1992. "Earnings, Occupational Choice, and Mobility in Segmented Labor Markets of India," World Bank - Discussion Papers 154, World Bank.
  10. Leibbrandt, M.V. & Woolard, C.D. & Woolard, I.D., 1996. "The Contribution of Income Components to Income Inequality in South Africa. A Decomposable Gini Analysis," Papers 125a, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  11. Ravallion, Martin & Jalan, Jyotsna, 1996. "Growth divergence due to spatial externalities," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 227-232, November.
  12. Diamond, Charles A. & Simon, Curtis J. & Warner, John T., 1990. "A multinomial probability model of size income distribution," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1-2), pages 43-61.
  13. Ravallion, M., 1998. "Poverty Lines in Theory and Practice," Papers 133, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  14. Kannappan, Subbiah, 1985. "Urban Employment and the Labor Market in Developing Nations," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(4), pages 699-730, July.
  15. Stark, Oded & Taylor, J Edward & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1986. "Remittances and Inequality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 96(383), pages 722-40, September.
  16. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-31, March.
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