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Structural Change in The Brazilian Economy in The 2000s

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  • Alexandre Messa

Abstract

This paper investigates the sources of structural change in the Brazilian economy in the 2000s. On that purpose, it uses the input-output structural decomposition analysis and introduces a method to correct the influence of prices on the time behavior of the technical coefficients, making them actually represent changes in the production structure. Results show that most of the growth differential between services and industry in that period was induced by the production structure: more precisely, by a lower intermediate consumption of domestic industrial inputs by the production chain of all economic sectors, concomitant with a higher intermediate consumption of services. Keywords: structural change; input-output analysis. Este artigo investiga as fontes de mudanças estruturais na economia brasileira ao longo da década de 2000. Para tal, utiliza-se a análise de decomposição estrutural de insumo-produto e introduz-se um método que corrige a influência dos preços sobre o comportamento dos coeficientes técnicos ao longo do tempo, fazendo com que estes reflitam de fato a evolução da estrutura produtiva. Os resultados obtidos mostram que a maior parte do diferencial de crescimento ente os serviços e a indústria durante aquele período foi induzida pela estrutura produtiva: mais precisamente, por um menor consumo intermediário de insumos industriais domésticos pela cadeia produtiva de todos os setores da economia, concomitante a um maior consumo intermediário de serviços. Palavras-chave: mudança estrutural; análise de insumo-produto.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandre Messa, 2012. "Structural Change in The Brazilian Economy in The 2000s," Discussion Papers 1770, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1770
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