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Financial liberalization, private investment and portfolio choice: Financialization of real sectors in emerging markets

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  • Demir, FIrat

Abstract

Using firm level panel data, we analyze the impacts of rates of return gap between financial and fixed investments under uncertainty on real investment performance in three emerging markets, Argentina, Mexico and Turkey. Employing a portfolio choice model to explain the low fixed investment rates in developing countries during the 1990s, we suggest that rather than investing in irreversible long-term fixed investments, firms may choose to invest in reversible short-term financial investments depending on respective rates of returns and the overall uncertainty in the economy. The empirical results show that increasing rates of return gap and uncertainty have an economically and statistically significant fixed investment reducing effect while the opposite is true with respect to financial investments.

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  • Demir, FIrat, 2009. "Financial liberalization, private investment and portfolio choice: Financialization of real sectors in emerging markets," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 314-324, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:88:y:2009:i:2:p:314-324
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    Cited by:

    1. Karsten Kohler & Alexander Guschanski & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2018. "The impact of financialisation on the wage share: a theoretical clarification and empirical test," Working Papers PKWP1802, Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG).
    2. Anthony Orji & God'stime Osekhebhen Eigbiremolen & Jonathan Emenike Ogbuabor, 2014. "Impact of Financial Liberalization on Private Investment: Empirical Evidence from Nigerian Data," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 4, pages 77-86, May.
    3. Ewa Karwowski, 2017. "Corporate financialisation in South Africa: From investment strike to housing bubble," Working Papers PKWP1708, Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG).
    4. Valeria Arza & Andres Lopez, 2010. "Innovation and Productivity in the Argentine Manufacturing Sector," Research Department Publications 4681, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    5. repec:eco:journ1:2017-02-60 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Engelbert Stockhammer, 2012. "Financialization," Chapters,in: Handbook of Critical Issues in Finance, chapter 17, pages i-ii Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. Alexandre Messa, 2012. "Structural Change in The Brazilian Economy in The 2000s," Discussion Papers 1770, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    8. DemIr, FIrat, 2009. "Capital Market Imperfections and Financialization of Real Sectors in Emerging Markets: Private Investment and Cash Flow Relationship Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 953-964, May.
    9. Daniele Tori & Özlem Onaran, 2017. "Financialisation and physical investment: a global race to the bottom in accumulation?," Working Papers PKWP1707, Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG).
    10. Tori, Daniele & Onaran, Özlem, 2015. "The effects of financialization on investment: evidence from firm-level data for the UK," Greenwich Papers in Political Economy 14068, University of Greenwich, Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre.
    11. Demir, Firat, 2010. "Exchange Rate Volatility and Employment Growth in Developing Countries: Evidence from Turkey," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1127-1140, August.
    12. Giampaolo Gabbi & Elisa Ticci, 2014. "Implications of financialisation for sustainability," Working papers wpaper47, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    13. Alessandro Federici & Pierluigi Montalbano, 2012. "Macroeconomic volatility, consumption behaviour and welfare: A cross-country analysis," Working Paper Series 3612, Department of Economics, University of Sussex.
    14. Ewa Karwowski & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2016. "Financialisation in emerging economies: a systematic overview and comparison with Anglo-Saxon economies," Working Papers PKWP1616, Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG).
    15. Tori, Daniele & Onaran, Özlem, 2017. "The effects of financialisation and financial development on investment: evidence from firm-level data in Europe," Greenwich Papers in Political Economy 16089, University of Greenwich, Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre.
    16. Predrag Ćetković & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2010. "Finanzialisierung und Investitionsverhalten von Industrie-Aktiengesellschaften in Österreich," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 36(4), pages 453-479.
    17. Alberto Botta & Eugenio Caverzasi & Daniele Tori, 2015. "Financial–Real-Side Interactions in an Extended Monetary Circuit with Shadow Banking: Loving or Dangerous Hugs?," International Journal of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(3), pages 196-227, July.
    18. Köhler, Karsten & Guschanski, Alexander & Stockhammer, Engelbert, 2015. "How does financialisation affect functional income distribution? A theoretical clarification and empirical assessment," Economics Discussion Papers 2015-5, School of Economics, Kingston University London.
    19. Annina Kaltenbrunner & Juan Pablo Painceira, 2016. "International and Domestic Financialisation in Middle Income Countries; The Brazilian Experience," Working papers wpaper146, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    20. Cavallo, Eduardo & Galindo, Arturo & Izquierdo, Alejandro & León, John Jairo, 2013. "The role of relative price volatility in the efficiency of investment allocation," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 1-18.
    21. Firat Demir, 2009. "Financialization and Manufacturing Firm Profitability under Uncertainty and Macroeconomic Volatility: Evidence from an Emerging Market," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(4), pages 592-609, November.
    22. Engelbert Stockhammer, 2010. "Financialization and the Global Economy," Working Papers wp240, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

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