Race Discrimination in Brazil: An Analysis of the Age, Period and Cohort Effects
Earnings differential between white and black workers present a decreasing trend foryounger cohorts in Brazil. We argue in this paper that the reduction in economicdiscrimination for younger cohorts could have played an important role on thisresult. Using the Brazilian National Household Sample Survey data [PesquisaNacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD)] from 1987 to 2002, the earningsdifferential by race is decomposed into two parts through the Oaxaca-Blindermethodology: the first one is the characteristic effect and the second is thediscrimination term. This decomposition is made for 90 cells defined by cohort andyear. After that, the amount of earnings differential due to discrimination term isdecomposed into age, period and cohort effects. According to the evidences, thecohort effects are smaller for younger generations, and the age effects present adecreasing trend for older workers. The results show also that periods with highinflation are associated with weaker contribution of discrimination term to earnings differential.
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