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Capitalización Heterogénea de un Bien Semipúblico: El Metro de Santiago

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Abstract

Este trabajo utiliza una base de datos única para estudiar la valorización del entorno que genera el metro de Santiago en el precio de las viviendas. Utilizando una metodología que combina regresiones hedónicas con la estimación de estimadores de diferencia simple, se estima el grado de capitalización del acceso a la red de metro en el precio de los departamentos y se investigan las diferencias por línea de servicio, en el grado de capitalización en el precio de los departamentos para una comuna particular. Los resultados muestran un efecto importante de capitalización para las líneas del metro de Santiago. Los departamentos localizados en el área de influencia del metro presentan un mayor valor promedio de 8,84%, 27,16% y 6,72% para las Líneas 1, 2 y 5 respectivamente. Adicionalmente, los resultados muestran que la distribución del grado de capitalización al interior de una comuna no es uniforme, sino que depende de dos características: la distancia a la estación y la línea de metro que provee el servicio. Es así que en la comuna de Providencia las viviendas dentro del área de influencia de la Línea 1 y 5 presentan un mayor valor del orden de 12,2% y 4,1% respectivamente, mientras que en la comuna de Santiago las viviendas localizadas dentro del área de influencia de las Líneas 1, 2 y 5 del metro presentan un mayor valor del orden de 16,9%, 10,2% y 11,6% respectivamente.

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  • Claudio Agostini & Gastón Palmucci, 2006. "Capitalización Heterogénea de un Bien Semipúblico: El Metro de Santiago," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv175, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  • Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv175
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    Keywords

    Metro; Valor Departamentos; Capitalización Diferenciada;

    JEL classification:

    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock

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