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Overlapping political budget cycles in the legislative and the executive

Author

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  • Dirk Foremny

    () (Universidad de Barcelona & IEB)

  • Ronny Freier

    () (German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) & Free University Berlin)

  • Marc-Daniel Moessinger

    () (Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW Mannheim))

  • Mustafa Yeter

    () (Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW Mannheim))

Abstract

We advance the literature on political budget cycles by testing separately for cycles in expenditures for elections in the legislative and the executive. Using municipal data, we can separately identify these cycles and account for general year effects. For the executive branch, we show that it is important whether the incumbent re-runs. To account for the potential endogeneity associated with this decision, we apply a unique instrumental variables approach based on age and pension eligibility rules. We find sizable and significant effects in expenditures before council elections and before joint elections when the incumbent re-runs.

Suggested Citation

  • Dirk Foremny & Ronny Freier & Marc-Daniel Moessinger & Mustafa Yeter, 2015. "Overlapping political budget cycles in the legislative and the executive," Working Papers 2015/1, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  • Handle: RePEc:ieb:wpaper:2013/6/doc2015-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Borck, Rainald & Fossen, Frank M. & Freier, Ronny & Martin, Thorsten, 2015. "Race to the debt trap? — Spatial econometric evidence on debt in German municipalities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 20-37.
    2. Nogare, Chiara Dalle & Kauder, Björn, 2017. "Term limits for mayors and intergovernmental grants: Evidence from Italian cities," Munich Reprints in Economics 49908, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    3. Baskaran, Thushyanthan & Brender, Adi & Blesse, Sebastian & Reingewertz, Yaniv, 2016. "Revenue decentralization, central oversight and the political budget cycle: Evidence from Israel," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1-16.
    4. Achten-Gozdowski, Jennifer, 2018. "Geschichte und Politökonomie deutscher Theatersubventionen
      [History and Political Economy of Public Subsidies for German Theatres and Operas]
      ," MPRA Paper 85087, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:eee:macchp:v2-2599 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Bernard, René, 2017. "Political fragmentation and fiscal policy: Evidence from German municipalities," FiFo Discussion Papers - Finanzwissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 17-03, University of Cologne, FiFo Institute for Public Economics.
    7. Lenka Stastna, 2015. "Electoral Cycles in Public Expenditures: Evidence from Czech Local Governments," Working Papers IES 2015/28, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Dec 2015.
    8. Alberto Alesina & Andrea Passalacqua, 2015. "The Political Economy of Government Debt," NBER Working Papers 21821, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Furdas, Marina & Homolkova, Katerina & Kis-Katos, Krisztina, 2015. "Local Political Budget Cycles in a Federation: Evidence from West German Cities," IZA Discussion Papers 8798, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Björn Kauder & Manuela Krause & Niklas Potrafke, 2018. "Electoral cycles in MPs’ salaries: evidence from the German states," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 25(4), pages 981-1000, August.
    11. Kauder, Björn & Potrafke, Niklas & Reischmann, Markus, 2016. "Do politicians reward core supporters? Evidence from a discretionary grant program," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 39-56.
    12. repec:eee:poleco:v:51:y:2018:i:c:p:69-92 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Heinemann, Friedrich & Moessinger, Marc-Daniel & Yeter, Mustafa, 2018. "Do fiscal rules constrain fiscal policy? A meta-regression-analysis," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 69-92.
    14. Kauder, Björn & Björn, Kauder & Niklas, Potrafke & Markus, Reischmann, 2016. "Do politicians gratify core supporters? Evidence from a discretionary grant program," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145509, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    15. repec:bla:kyklos:v:70:y:2017:i:4:p:594-621 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:eee:regeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Martin, Thorsten, 2017. "You shall not build! (until tomorrow) [:] Electoral cycles and housing policies in Germany," MPRA Paper 78998, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Jan Kluge & Gunther Markwardt, 2015. "Wahlkampf auf Gemeindekosten: Politische Budgetzyklen in sächsischen Gemeinden," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 22(05), pages 17-24, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Election cycles; municipal expenditures; council and mayor elections; instrumental variables approach;

    JEL classification:

    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • H74 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Borrowing

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