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Convirtiéndose en empresario

  • Hugo Ñopo

    ()

  • Patricio Valenzuela

Utilizando la encuesta chilena de datos de Panel CASEN 1996-2001, este trabajo analiza el impacto en los ingresos de trabajadores asalariados que se convierten en empresarios (es decir, trabajadores por cuenta propia y microempresarios). Mediante un estimador de diferencia-en-diferencias combinado con técnicas no paramétricas de matching, este estudio alivia los problemas de sesgo de selección (en rasgos observables y no observables) y crea el contrafactual de interés. Los resultados indican que las ganancias en ingresos asociadas con el cambio de trabajado asalariado a micro-empresariado son positivas, estadísticamente significativas y financieramente sustanciales. Los resultados son cualitativamente similares usando medias y medianas, sugiriendo que los impactos encontrados no son influenciados por la presencia de unos pocos "ganadores súper-estrellas". Adicionalmente, los cambios en ingresos asociados con el cambio en la dirección opuesta (es decir, de auto-empleado a trabajador asalariado) son negativos. Los resultados también sugieren interesantes diferencias de género, donde las mujeres muestran mayores ganancias que los hombres en el cambio de trabajos asalariados a empresariado y menores pérdida en el cambio en dirección opuesta.

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File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-605&pub_file_name=pubWP-605.pdf
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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4520.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4520
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  1. Barton H. Hamilton, 2000. "Does Entrepreneurship Pay? An Empirical Analysis of the Returns to Self-Employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(3), pages 604-631, June.
  2. Eduardo Engel & Alexander Galetovic & Claudio Raddatz, 1998. "Reforma tributaria y distribución del ingreso en Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 40, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  3. Edward P. Lazear, 2004. "Balanced Skills and Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 208-211, May.
  4. Borjas, George J & Bronars, Stephen G, 1989. "Consumer Discrimination and Self-employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 581-605, June.
  5. Hugo Ñopo & Jaime Saavedra & Máximo Torero, 2007. "Ethnicity and Earnings in a Mixed-Race Labor Market," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55, pages 709-734.
  6. Silva, Olmo, 2007. "The Jack-of-All-Trades entrepreneur: Innate talent or acquired skill?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 118-123, November.
  7. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-35, June.
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