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Los obstáculos al desarrollo empresarial y el tamaño de las firmas en América Latina

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  • Eduardo Lora

    ()

  • Patricia Cortés

Abstract

Dada la multiplicidad de factores que pueden afectar el desempeño empresarial, tanto para los empresarios mismos como para las autoridades económicas de los países es preciso establecer la severidad de estos obstáculos para enfocar sus esfuerzos en los problemas más críticos. En este estudio analizamos dos fuentes nuevas y muy valiosas de información con ese objetivo. De un lado, utilizamos los resultados de un conjunto de `Encuestas de Ambiente Empresarial` (Business Environment Surveys) llevadas a cabo en 73 países, las cuales han indagado la importancia y gravedad de una serie de problemas que pueden afectar la operación y crecimiento de las firmas. De otro lado, analizamos información de balances contables de grandes empresas en 52 países de diferentes regiones del mundo con el fin de detectar algunos rasgos de las firmas latinoamericanas y analizar los determinantes del tamaño de las grandes empresas, bajo el presupuesto de que dichas firmas se encuentran en la frontera de las posibilidades de desarrollo empresarial que ofrece cada país.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Lora & Patricia Cortés, 2001. "Los obstáculos al desarrollo empresarial y el tamaño de las firmas en América Latina," Research Department Publications 4258, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4258
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    Cited by:

    1. Arturo Galindo & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2002. "Credit Constraints in Latin America: An Overview of the Micro Evidence," Research Department Publications 3165, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. Pedro Gomes & Zoe Kuehn, 2017. "Human capital and the size distribution of firms," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 26, pages 164-179, October.
    3. Arturo Galindo & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2002. "Limitaciones crediticias en América Latina: panorámica general de los elementos de juicio al nivel micro," Research Department Publications 4306, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Pedro Gomes & Zoe Kuehn, 2017. "Human capital and the size distribution of firms," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 26, pages 164-179, October.
    5. Arturo Galindo, 2001. "Derechos de los acreedores y el mercado crediticio ¿Cuál es la situación actual?," Research Department Publications 4260, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. Arturo Galindo, 2001. "Creditor Rights and the Credit Market: Where Do We Stand?," Research Department Publications 4259, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. World Bank, 2004. "Peru - Microeconomic Constraints to Growth: The Evidence from the Manufacturing Sector," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14426, The World Bank.
    8. Osvaldo Nina, 2005. "What Makes a Difference in Achieving Higher Labor Productivity?: The Case of Low-Income Countries in Latin America," Development Research Working Paper Series 04/2005, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.

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