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Does Collateral Help Mitigate Adverse Selection? A Cross-Country Analysis

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  • Laurent Weill

    () (Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie, Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Strasbourg)

  • Christophe J. Godlewski

Abstract

We investigate whether collateral helps to solve adverse selection problems. Theory predicts a negative relationship between presence of collateral and risk premium, as collateral constitutes a signalling instrument for the borrower to be charged with a lower risk premium. However, bankers’ view and most empirical evidence contradict this prediction in accordance with the observed-risk hypothesis. We provide new evidence with loan-level data and country-level data for a sample of 5843 bank loans from 43 countries. We test whether the degree information asymmetries affects the link between the presence of collateral and risk premium. We include five proxies for the degree of information asymmetries, measuring opacity of financial information, trust, and development. We find that a greater degree of information asymmetries reduces the positive relationship between the presence of collateral and the risk premium. This finding provides support for the adverse selection and observed-risk hypotheses, as both hypotheses may be empirically validated depending of the degree of information asymmetries in the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Weill & Christophe J. Godlewski, 2006. "Does Collateral Help Mitigate Adverse Selection? A Cross-Country Analysis," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2006-02, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:lar:wpaper:2006-02
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    Cited by:

    1. Berger, Allen N. & Espinosa-Vega, Marco A. & Frame, W. Scott & Miller, Nathan H., 2011. "Why do borrowers pledge collateral? New empirical evidence on the role of asymmetric information," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 55-70, January.
    2. Allen N. Berger & W. Scott Frame & Vasso P. Ioannidou, 2011. "Reexamining the empirical relation between loan risk and collateral: the roles of collateral characteristics and types," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2011-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    3. Yaldız Hanedar, Elmas & Broccardo, Eleonora & Bazzana, Flavio, 2014. "Collateral requirements of SMEs: The evidence from less-developed countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 106-121.
    4. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Godlewski, Christophe J. & Weill, Laurent, 2015. "Does the type of debt matter? Stock market perception in Europe," Research Discussion Papers 19/2015, Bank of Finland.
    5. Christa Hainz & Laurent Weill & Christophe Godlewski, 2013. "Bank Competition and Collateral: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 44(2), pages 131-148, October.
    6. repec:eee:jbfina:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:104-120 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Calomiris, Charles W. & Larrain, Mauricio & Liberti, José & Sturgess, Jason, 2017. "How collateral laws shape lending and sectoral activity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 163-188.
    8. Aivazian, Varouj & Gu, Xinhua & Qiu, Jiaping & Huang, Bihong, 2015. "Loan collateral, corporate investment, and business cycle," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 380-392.
    9. Dias Duarte, Fábio & Matias Gama, Ana Paula & Paulo Esperança, José, 2017. "Collateral-based in SME lending: The role of business collateral and personal collateral in less-developed countries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 406-422.
    10. repec:eee:ememar:v:33:y:2017:i:c:p:19-41 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Kislat, Carmen & Menkhoff, Lukas & Neuberger, Doris, 2013. "The use of collateral in formal and informal lending," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79765, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    12. Niinimäki, Juha-Pekka, 2015. "The optimal allocation of alternative collateral assets between different loans," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 22-41.
    13. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Shamshur, Anastasiya & Weill, Laurent, 2017. "Does bank competition reduce cost of credit? Cross-country evidence from Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 104-120.
    14. Sumit Agarwal & Souphala Chomsisengphet & Chunlin Liu, 2016. "An Empirical Analysis of Information Asymmetry in Home Equity Lending," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 49(1), pages 101-119, February.
    15. Peter Simmons & Nongnuch Tantisantiwong, 2018. "Evaluation of Individual and Group Lending under Asymmetric information," Discussion Papers 18/01, Department of Economics, University of York.
    16. Berger, A.N. & Frame, W.S. & Ioannidou, V., 2012. "Reexamining the Empirical Relation between Loan Risk and Collateral : The Role of the Economic Characteristics of Collateral," Discussion Paper 2012-078, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    17. Christophe Godlewski, 2009. "L’organisation des syndicats bancaires en France:taille, concentration et réputation," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 12(3), pages 37-63, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Collateral; Bank; Asymmetric information; Institutions.;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies

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