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El suministro de servicios públicos y bienestar social para los pobres. Aprendizaje de la privatización incompleta del sector eléctrico en Perú

Author

Listed:
  • Máximo Torero
  • Lorena Alcazar
  • Eduardo Nakasone

Abstract

La privatización incompleta del sector eléctrico en Perú provee un escenario único para evaluar el impacto de provisión privada de electricidad, en comparación a la provisión pública. Los resultados presentados en este documento pueden resumirse en una mejora significativa de la calidad de la provisión de electricidad cuando la administración de las firmas es privada. Estas mejoras en la calidad y cantidad de electricidad proveída resultan en ganancias de eficiencia en la asignación de tiempo de la fuerza laboral empleada, las que pueden ser directamente relacionadas al uso de electricidad. Los hogares rurales bajo provisión privada de electricidad tuvieron más oportunidades de trabajar en actividades no agrícolas. En consecuencia, el porcentaje de tiempo dedicado a actividades no agrícolas se incrementó, indicando un efecto sustitución y un potencial efecto precio a través de un mayor salario en el sector no agrícola. El efecto sustitución implica una reducción de las horas dedicadas a actividades agrícolas en favor de las no agrícolas, y el efecto precio implica que los hogares recibirán salarios más altos y por lo tanto tenderán a trabajar menos horas en total. Como resultado, el incremento en el tiempo dedicado a actividades no agrícolas estuvo acompañado por una reducción de horas en actividades agrícolas, y en un incremento en las horas de ocio.

Suggested Citation

  • Máximo Torero & Lorena Alcazar & Eduardo Nakasone, 2007. "El suministro de servicios públicos y bienestar social para los pobres. Aprendizaje de la privatización incompleta del sector eléctrico en Perú," Research Department Publications 3233, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3233
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