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Widening and Deepening Economic Integration Impact on Bilateral Trade in the Eurozone and ASEAN

Author

Listed:
  • Zaenal Mutaqin

    (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)

  • Masaru Ichihashi

    (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to comparatively investigate the impact of different level of economic integration on bilateral trade between the Eurozone and ASEAN. Applying augmented gravity equation, the results showed that deepening impact on bilateral trade was positive in all Eurozone members but insignificant for original member. In ASEAN, deepening impact which is creating AFTA generates positive result only between ASEAN-6, but not when CLMV joined the membership. The policy related with Maastricht criteria variables has small influence on reciprocal trade in both the Eurozone and ASEAN. Horizontal integration was improving in both the Eurozone and ASEAN for positive result of size and similarity coefficient. Intra-trade industry was a phenomenon in all Eurozone, but it was insignificant if only between original members in both the Eurozone and ASEAN due to relatively similar level of development in original members. For ASEAN, different factor endowment was determinant for higher bilateral trade when CLMV countries were included in 1990-2009.

Suggested Citation

  • Zaenal Mutaqin & Masaru Ichihashi, 2013. "Widening and Deepening Economic Integration Impact on Bilateral Trade in the Eurozone and ASEAN," IDEC DP2 Series 3-3, Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC).
  • Handle: RePEc:hir:idecdp:3-3
    as

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    File URL: http://ir.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/files/public/34633/20141016202915906287/IDEC-DP2_03-3.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional Integration; International Trade; Hecksher-Ohlin; Maastricht Criteria; and Gravity Model;

    JEL classification:

    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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