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The Fruits of Economics - A Treat for Women? On gender balance in the economics profession in Sweden

  • Jonung, Christina

    ()

  • Ståhlberg, Ann-Charlotte

    ()

    (Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University)

Registered author(s):

    Economics in Sweden is still a male-dominated profession, despite an increasing number of women entering the profession during recent decades. About one third of the students in the higher undergraduate programs in economics are women. Women’s proportion of the licentiate degrees obtained has increased from zero to 27 percent and their share of doctoral degrees from zero to 26 percent between 1970 and 2005. The proportion of women in the research and teaching staff at academic institutions in economics, 16 percent, is slightly below their proportion of the total number with a doctoral degree in economics in the country, 18 percent. Further, women’s careers in academia have not kept up with those of men. Only 13 percent of those with the academic grade of associate professor or higher are women. No more than six percent of the full professors in economics at Swedish universities, i.e. five, are women. Women in economics are underrepresented relative to women employed in the university as a whole. When comparing the career ladder for women in economics to that of other academic fields, we find economics to be more akin to mathematics than to the other social sciences. The situation for women in academic economics in Sweden is surprisingly similar to that in other countries for which we have comparable data. The paper also considers the interest and success of female economists in professional and public economic policy debate through their representation in The Swedish Association of Economics and their participation as authors in Ekonomisk Debatt, the journal of the association, inaugurated in 1973.

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    Paper provided by Swedish Institute for Social Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 5/2007.

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    Length: 34 pages
    Date of creation: 02 Nov 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2007_005
    Note: Paper written on Nov. 2, 2006, revised in Feb. 2007.
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    1. Benny Carlson & Lars Jonung, 2006. "Knut Wicksell, Gustav Cassel, Eli Heckscher, Bertil Ohlin and Gunnar Myrdal on the Role of the Economist in Public Debate," Econ Journal Watch, Econ Journal Watch, vol. 3(3), pages 511-550, September.
    2. Blackaby, David & Booth, Alison L & Frank, Jeff, 2002. "Outside Offers and the Gender Pay Gap: Empirical Evidence from the UK," CEPR Discussion Papers 3549, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Tasiran, Ali C & Veiderpass, Ann & Sandelin, Bo, 1997. " Climbing Career Steps: Becoming a Full Professor of Economics," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(3), pages 471-84, September.
    4. Joyce Jacobsen & Roberta Edgecombe Robb & Jonathan Burton & David Blackaby & Jane Humphries & Heather Joshi & Xiaobo Wang & Xiao-yuan Dong, 2006. "Introduction / The Status Of Women Economists In Us Universities And The World / The Status Of Women Economists In Uk Universities / The Status Of Women Economists In Canadian Universities / The Statu," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 427-474.
    5. Alan J. Auerbach & Francine D. Blau & John B. Shoven, 2004. "Panel Discussion," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 286-290, May.
    6. Sandra Hopkins, 2004. "Women In Economics Departments In Australian Universities: Is There Still A Gender Imbalance?," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 23(3), pages 201-210, 09.
    7. Donna K. Ginther & Shulamit Kahn, 2004. "Women in Economics: Moving Up or Falling Off the Academic Career Ladder?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(3), pages 193-214, Summer.
    8. Booth, Alison & Jeff Frank & David Blackaby, 2003. "Outside Offers and the Gender Pay Gap: Empirical Evidence from the UK Academic Labour Market," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 28, Royal Economic Society.
    9. Booth, Alison L & Burton, Jonathan & Mumford, Karen, 2000. "The Position of Women in UK Academic Economics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(464), pages F312-33, June.
    10. Boschini, Anne & Lindquist, Matthew & Pettersson, Jan & Roine, Jesper, 2004. "The Incentives of Future Economists - Striking a Balance between Tools and Relevance," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 550, Stockholm School of Economics.
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