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Trade Credit and the Propagation of Corporate Failure: An Empirical Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Jacobson, Tor

    () (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

  • von Schedvin, Erik

    () (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

Abstract

We quantify the importance of trade credit chains for the propagation of corporate bankruptcies. Our results show that trade creditors (suppliers) that issue more trade credit are more exposed to trade debtor (customer) failures, both in terms of the likelihood of experiencing a debtor failure and the loss given failure. We further document that the credit loss invoked by a debtor failure imposes a substantially enhanced bankruptcy risk on the creditors. The propagation mechanism is mitigated for creditors that are less levered, cash rich, and highly profitable, and enhanced in R&D intense industries and during economic downturns.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacobson, Tor & von Schedvin, Erik, 2012. "Trade Credit and the Propagation of Corporate Failure: An Empirical Analysis," Working Paper Series 263, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0263
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    File URL: http://www.riksbank.se/Documents/Rapporter/Working_papers/2012/rap_wp263_120831.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1989. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Business Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 14-31, March.
    2. Boissay, Frédéric, 2006. "Credit chains and the propagation of financial distress," Working Paper Series 573, European Central Bank.
    3. Gropp, Reint & Boissay, Frédéric, 2007. "Trade credit defaults and liquidity provision by firms," Working Paper Series 753, European Central Bank.
    4. Battiston, Stefano & Delli Gatti, Domenico & Gallegati, Mauro & Greenwald, Bruce & Stiglitz, Joseph E., 2007. "Credit chains and bankruptcy propagation in production networks," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 2061-2084, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ellingsen, Tore & Jacobson, Tor & von Schedvin, Erik, 2016. "Trade Credit: Contract-Level Evidence Contradicts Current Theories," Working Paper Series 315, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    2. Lars Norden & Stefan van Kampen, 2015. "The Dynamics of Trade Credit and Bank Debt in SME Finance: International Evidence," RBA Annual Conference Volume,in: Angus Moore & John Simon (ed.), Small Business Conditions and Finance Reserve Bank of Australia.
    3. Hazama, Makoto & Uesugi, Iichiro, 2012. "Measuring the Systemic Risk in Interfirm Transaction Networks," Working Paper Series 20, Center for Interfirm Network, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    4. Bams, Dennis & Bos, Jaap & Pisa, Magdalena, 2016. "Trade credit: Elusive insurance of firm growth," Research Memorandum 029, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    5. Simona Mateut & Thanaset Chevapatrakul, 2016. "Customer financing, bargaining power and trade credit uptake," Discussion Papers 2016/04, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
    6. Amberg, Niklas & Jacobson, Tor & von Schedvin, Erik & Townsend, Robert, 2016. "Curbing Shocks to Corporate Liquidity: The Role of Trade Credit," Working Paper Series 320, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    7. He, Qing & Lu, Liping & Ongena, Steven, 2015. "Who gains from credit granted between firms? Evidence from inter-corporate loan announcements made in China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 1/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    8. LU Yi & OGURA Yoshiaki & TODO Yasuyuki & ZHU Lianming, 2017. "Supply Chain Disruptions and Trade Credit," Discussion papers 17054, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    9. MIYAUCHI Yuhei & MIYAKAWA Daisuke, 2017. "Market Thickness, Input-Output Linkages, and Agglomeration," Discussion papers 17072, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade credit; Credit chains; Bankruptcy; Contagion;

    JEL classification:

    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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