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An Equilibrium Model of Credit Rating Agencies

  • Holden, Steinar

    ()

    (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)

  • Natvig, Gisle James

    ()

    (Norges Bank)

  • Vigier, Adrien

    ()

    (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)

We develop a model of credit rating agencies (CRAs) based on reputation concerns. Ratings a ect investors' choice and, thereby, also issuers' access to funding and default risk. We show that in equilibrium { the informational content of credit ratings is inferior to that of CRAs' private information. We nd that CRAs have a pro-cyclical impact on default risk: in a liq- uidity boom CRAs help resolve investors' coordination problem, and lower the probability of default; in a liquidity crunch CRAs raise the probability of default. Furthermore, rating stan- dards tend to be pro-cyclical, while biased CRA-incentives will ultimately be self-defeating.

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File URL: https://www.sv.uio.no/econ/english/research/unpublished-works/working-papers/pdf-files/2013/memo-01-2013.pdf
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Paper provided by Oslo University, Department of Economics in its series Memorandum with number 01/2013.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 18 Dec 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:osloec:2013_001
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Department of Economics, University of Oslo, P.O Box 1095 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway

Phone: 22 85 51 27
Fax: 22 85 50 35
Web page: http://www.oekonomi.uio.no/indexe.html
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  3. Bar-Isaac, Heski & Shapiro, Joel, 2010. "Ratings Quality over the Business Cycle," CEPR Discussion Papers 8156, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  9. G. Ferri & L.-G. Liu & J. E. Stiglitz, 1999. "The Procyclical Role of Rating Agencies: Evidence from the East Asian Crisis," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 28(3), pages 335-355, November.
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  17. Mathis, Jérôme & McAndrews, James & Rochet, Jean-Charles, 2009. "Rating the raters: Are reputation concerns powerful enough to discipline rating agencies?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(5), pages 657-674, July.
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