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Competition in the Swedish Coffee Market

  • Durevall, Dick


    (Department of Economics, School of Economics and Commercial Law, Göteborg University)

It is a widespread belief that multinationals are exploiting their market power in national coffee markets by keeping consumer prices too high and thereby limiting demand for coffee beans. The purpose of this study is to test if this is case in the Swedish market for roasted coffee. In the Swedish market there are a few very large roasting companies and many small ones; a market structure that is typical of many consumer markets for coffee. To analyze the degree of market power, an oligopoly model is estimated using market time series data. The econometric approach is to first test for long-run relationships between the variables with cointegration analysis, and then to estimate a system of equations for demand and pricing behavior. Our major finding is that there is no evidence of market power in the long run, and only some in the short run.

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Paper provided by University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 134.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 13 Jul 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0134
Contact details of provider: Postal: Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG, Sweden
Phone: 031-773 10 00
Web page:

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  1. Bettendorf, L & Verboven, F, 2000. "Incomplete Transmission of Coffee Bean Prices: Evidence from the Netherlands," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 27(1), pages 1-16, March.
  2. Salvanes, K.G. & Steen, F., 1995. "Testing for Market Power Using a Dynamic OLigopoly Model," Papers 13/95, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  3. Bettendorf, L. & Verboven, F.L., 1998. "Competition on the Dutch coffee market," Discussion Paper 1998-10, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  4. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
  5. Koerner, Julia, 2002. "The dark side of coffee. Price war in the German market for roasted coffee," FE Working Papers 0204, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Food Economics and Consumption Studies.
  6. Johansen, Soren, 1995. "Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774501, July.
  7. Lau, Lawrence J., 1982. "On identifying the degree of competitiveness from industry price and output data," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 10(1-2), pages 93-99.
  8. Feuerstein, Switgard, 2002. "Do coffee roasters benefit from high prices of green coffee?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 89-118, January.
  9. Ponte, Stefano, 2002. "The 'Latte Revolution'? Regulation, Markets and Consumption in the Global Coffee Chain," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1099-1122, July.
  10. Bresnahan, Timothy F., 1989. "Empirical studies of industries with market power," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 17, pages 1011-1057 Elsevier.
  11. Appelbaum, Elie, 1982. "The estimation of the degree of oligopoly power," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 287-299, August.
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