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Labor Decomposition: A Firm Level Analysis on Import Quality and Labor Demand

  • Warda, Peter


    (Jönköping International Business School (JIBS), Center of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS) KTH, Sweden)

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    Structural changes due to global integration certainly affect the employment, productivity and profitability of firms. An interesting case reflects how firms use imports to replace certain stages in production of physical goods. The relevant question here is: if imports make up a substantial part of firms’ sales value, then can the import quality affect firms’ labor composition? The purpose of this paper is to analyze how high and low quality imports affect the labor composition in importing firms in Swedish manufacturing. Inter-firm variation shows that an increase in high (low) quality imports, on average, decreases the share of high-educated (low-educated) labor wages in total wages. Hence, a substitution effect. However, when intra-firm variation is considered the results are instead in favor of a complementary effect.

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    Paper provided by Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation with number 322.

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    Length: 25 pages
    Date of creation: 24 Jun 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0322
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    CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden

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