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Geldschöpfungsgewinne in einer Europäischen Währungsunion

Author

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  • Lange, Carsten
  • Nolte, Florian

Abstract

Das Papier untersucht die durch eine Europäische Währungsunion zu erwartenden Änderungen der Geldschöpfungsgewinne der Mitgliedsländer. Dazu werden die zwischen 1980 und 1995 erzielten einzelstaatlichen Geldschöpfungsgewinne nach dem monetären und dem Opportunitätskostenkonzept ermittelt. Anhand von zwölf Szenarien mit verschiedenen Hypothesen über Inflations- und Wachstumsrate wird der Geldschöpfungsgewinn der Europäischen Zentralbank prognostiziert und gemäß dem Gewinnverteilungskriterium des Maastrichter Vertrages den Mitgliedsländern zugeordnet. Für die südeuropäischen Länder Spanien und Italien sowie insbesondere Griechenland und Portugal ergeben sich Mindereinnahmen von bis zu 3 \% des realen Bruttoinlandsprodukts. Insbesondere unter Berücksichtigung der Fiskalkriterien des Maastrichter Vertrages erscheint es fraglich, ob diese Einnahmeverluste tragbar sind.

Suggested Citation

  • Lange, Carsten & Nolte, Florian, 1997. "Geldschöpfungsgewinne in einer Europäischen Währungsunion," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-205, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  • Handle: RePEc:han:dpaper:dp-205
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    File URL: http://diskussionspapiere.wiwi.uni-hannover.de/pdf_bib/dp-205.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sinn, Hans-Werner & Feist, Holger, 1997. "Eurowinners and Eurolosers: The distribution of seigniorage wealth in EMU1," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 665-689, December.
    2. Daniel Gros & Guyvandille, 1995. "Seigniorage and EMU: The Fiscal Implications of Price Stability and Financial Market Integration," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(2), pages 175-196, June.
    3. Klein,Martin & Neumann,Manfred, "undated". "Seignorage: What is it and who gets it?," Discussion Paper Serie B 124, University of Bonn, Germany.
    4. Hans-Werner Sinn & Holger Feist, 1997. "Eurowinners and Eurolosers: The Distribution of Seigniorage Wealth in EMU," NBER Working Papers 6072, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Wesche, Katrin & Jens Weidmann, 1995. "Central Bank Independence and Seigniorage: The Banque de France," Discussion Paper Serie B 307, University of Bonn, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lange, Carsten & Sauer, Christine, 2005. "Dollarization in Latin America: seigniorage costs and policy implications," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-5), pages 662-679, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Europa; Währung; Währungsunion; Geldtheorie; Geldpolitik; Seigniorage; Geldschöpfungsgewinn;

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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