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Missing Poor and Income Mobility

Author

Listed:
  • Mathieu Lefebvre

    (CREPP - Center of Research in Public Economics and Population Economics - Université de Liège)

  • Pierre Pestieau

    (CORE - Center of Operation Research and Econometrics [Louvain] - UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain)

  • Grégory Ponthière

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics)

Abstract

Higher mortality among the poor leads to selection biases in poverty measures. Whereas existing attempts to deal with the "missing poor" problem assume the absence of income mobility and assign to the prematurely dead a …ctitious income equal to the last income enjoyed, this paper relaxes that assumption in order to study the impact of income mobility on the size of the missing poor bias. We use data on poverty above age 60 in 12 countries from the EU-SILC database, and we compare standard poverty rates with the hypothetical poverty rates that would have pre- vailed if (i) all individuals, whatever their income, had enjoyed the same survival conditions (the ones of the highest income class), and if (ii) all individuals within the same income class had been subject to the same income mobility process. It is shown that taking income mobility into ac- count has adverse effects on corrected poverty measures across countries, and that it affects international comparisons in terms of old-age poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Lefebvre & Pierre Pestieau & Grégory Ponthière, 2017. "Missing Poor and Income Mobility," Working Papers halshs-01662808, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-01662808
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01662808
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. James E Duggan & Robert Gillingham & John S Greenlees, 2008. "Mortality and Lifetime Income: Evidence from U.S. Social Security Records," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 55(4), pages 566-594, December.
    2. Angus Deaton, 2003. "Health, Inequality, and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(1), pages 113-158, March.
    3. Mathieu Lefebvre & Pierre Pestieau & Gregory Ponthiere, 2013. "Measuring poverty without the Mortality Paradox," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 40(1), pages 285-316, January.
    4. Ravi Kanbur & Diganta Mukherjee, 2007. "Premature Mortality And Poverty Measurement," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(4), pages 339-359, October.
    5. Sen, Amartya, 1998. "Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 1-25, January.
    6. Fields, Gary S. & Ok, Efe A., 1996. "The Meaning and Measurement of Income Mobility," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 349-377, November.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/451 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Christian Schluter & Dirk Van de gaer, 2011. "Upward Structural Mobility, Exchange Mobility, And Subgroup Consistent Mobility Measurement: U.S.–German Mobility Rankings Revisited," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(1), pages 1-22, March.
    9. Hoy, Michael & Zheng, Buhong, 2011. "Measuring lifetime poverty," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 146(6), pages 2544-2562.
    10. Mathieu Lefebvre & Pierre Pestieau & Grégory Ponthière, 2017. "FGT Old-Age Poverty Measures and the Mortality Paradox: Theory and Evidence," Post-Print halshs-01630662, HAL.
    11. Backlund, Eric & Sorlie, Paul D. & Johnson, Norman J., 1999. "A comparison of the relationships of education and income with mortality: the national longitudinal mortality study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 49(10), pages 1373-1384, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    income mobility; poverty; measurement; mortality; missing poor;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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