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Impact de l'organisation du marché: Comparaison de la négociation de gré à gré et des enchères descendantes

  • Alan Kirman

    ()

    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579)

  • Sonia Moulet

    ()

    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579)

Nous comparons à l'aide d'un modèle multi-agents deux types d'organisations fréquemment rencontrées dans les marchés de biens périssables: les enchères simultanées descendantes ou enchères hollandaises, et la négociation de gré à gré sans prix affichés ; Notre approche consiste à étudier des populations d'agents artificiels -acheteurs et vendeurs- qui, par le biais de leurs expériences, vont apprendre à utiliser certaines règles de comportement ou "stratégies". Nous considérons deux types d'apprentissage: l'apprentissage de l'information pendant la journée et l'apprentissage des règles à travers les expériences dans le temps. Nous étudions le résultat d'un apprentissage (à base d'heuristiques) bien spécifié et nous déterminons si les allocations obtenues correspondent à certains critères d'efficacité.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00349034.

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Date of creation: 22 Dec 2008
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00349034
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