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The diffusion of smart meters in France: A discussion of the empirical evidence and the implications for smart cities

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  • Adnane Kendel

    (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Nathalie Lazaric

    () (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This article studies Business Models (BM) for Smart Meters (SM) and discusses related issues in the French institutional context. Because SM introduce deregulation on both the demand and supply sides, we argue that they represent an opportunity to 'unlock' the system by enabling feedback to consumers. We discuss the empirical findings from the TICELEC (Technologies de l'Information pour une Consommation Electrique responsable-Information Technology for Sustainable Electricity Consumption Behaviors) project which is an experimental initiative to measure potential energy savings through the implementation of SM, and to test behavioral change. We suggest that the opportunities provided by SM have to be compared with other kinds of intervention such as self-monitoring procedures. Our results show that any intervention is important for moderating the sole impact of SM. Our findings on the importance of changes to " energy habits " relate mainly to " curtailment " and " low efficiency " behaviors, which represent less costly changes. The lessons learned for BM developments linked to SM include incentive systems, smart tariffs, and technologies to increase potential behavior changes and energy savings in this field. Acknowledgements:

Suggested Citation

  • Adnane Kendel & Nathalie Lazaric, 2015. "The diffusion of smart meters in France: A discussion of the empirical evidence and the implications for smart cities," Post-Print halshs-01246427, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01246427
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01246427
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    Keywords

    Business models; Feedback; behavior consumer; habits; residential consumption;

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