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Strategic interactions in public R&D across European countries : A spatial econometric analysis

Author

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  • Hakim Hammadou

    () (EQUIPPE - Economie Quantitative, Intégration, Politiques Publiques et Econométrie - Université de Lille, Droit et Santé - PRES Université Lille Nord de France - Université de Lille, Sciences Humaines et Sociales - Université de Lille, Sciences et Technologies)

  • Sonia Paty

    () (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Université de Lyon - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon)

  • Maria Savona

    (CLERSE - Centre Lillois d’Études et de Recherches Sociologiques et Économiques - UMR 8019 - Université de Lille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The paper adds to the existing literature on the determinants of government spending in Research and Development (R&D) by considering the role of strategic interactions among countries as one of the possible competing explanations, within a spatial econometric framework. We account for several factors affecting national levels of public R&D spending, including (i) the international context – i.e. Lisbon strategy; (ii) country characteristics – level of private R&D, GDP, trade openness and the National System of Innovation; (iii) countries’ similarities in relation to (a) trade and economic size and (b) sectoral specialization. The analysis is carried out on 14 European countries. First, we find that factors traditionally affecting the level of public R&D expenditure, such as the scale of the national economy, trade openness, sectoral specialization and private R&D, significantly influence the level of public R&D in European countries between 1994 and 2006. Interestingly, the introduction of the Lisbon strategy does not seem to have affected changes in the levels of public R&D spending. Second, by using different weight matrices, we confirm the existence of strategic interactions in relation to R&D spending among European countries with similar economic, international trade and sectoral structure characteristics.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Hakim Hammadou & Sonia Paty & Maria Savona, 2014. "Strategic interactions in public R&D across European countries : A spatial econometric analysis," Post-Print halshs-00958038, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00958038
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2014.01.011
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00958038
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    3. Wang, Zhaohua & Sun, Yefei & Wang, Bo, 2019. "How does the new-type urbanisation affect CO2 emissions in China? An empirical analysis from the perspective of technological progress," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 917-927.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public R&D expenditures; National Systems of Innovation; complementarity public and private R&D; spatial interactions; EU countries; spatial dynamic panel data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

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