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Tax Mimicking Among Belgian Municipalities

  • Heyndels, Bruno
  • Vuchelen, Jef
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    Recent empirical studies show that U.S. states’ and local governments’ tax policy is copied among neighboring jurisdictions. We present empirical evidence on such tax mimicking among Belgian municipalities. Belgian data offer important advantages. The (589) municipalities operate within an institutionally homogeneous setting. Moreover, the data allow us to concentrate on tax rates (instead of tax burdens). Our results support the previous findings, suggesting that mimicking behavior is not an artifact of the U.S. system. We also find that mimicking effects extend beyond municipalities’ immediate neighbors.

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    Article provided by National Tax Association in its journal National Tax Journal.

    Volume (Year): 51 (1998)
    Issue (Month): n. 1 (March)
    Pages: 89-101

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    Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:51:y:1998:i:n._1:p:89-101
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    1. Thomas J. Nechyba, 1996. "Local Property and State Income Taxes: The Role of Interjurisdictional Competition and Collusion," NBER Working Papers 5419, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Anne C. Case & James R. Hines, Jr. & Harvey S. Rosen, 1989. "Copycatting: Fiscal Policies of States and Their Neighbors," NBER Working Papers 3032, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416.
    4. Hettich, Walter & Winer, Stanley, 1984. "A positive model of tax structure," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 67-87, June.
    5. SALMON, Pierre, 1987. "Decentralization as an incentive scheme," Institut des Mathématiques Economiques – Document de travail de l’I.M.E. (1974-1993) 98, Institut des Mathématiques Economiques. LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
    6. Alm, James & McKee, Michael J. & Skidmore, Mark, 1993. "Fiscal Pressure, Tax Competition, and the Introduction of State Lotteries," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 46(4), pages 463-76, December.
    7. Oates, Wallace E., 1988. "On the measurement of congestion in the provision of local public goods," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 85-94, July.
    8. Case, Anne C. & Rosen, Harvey S. & Hines, James Jr., 1993. "Budget spillovers and fiscal policy interdependence : Evidence from the states," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 285-307, October.
    9. Anne Case, 1993. "Interstate tax competition after TRA86," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(1), pages 136-148.
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