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Périodiser les phases de régime et de crise des usages de l'eau. L'apport d'une approche en termes de modes d'usage de l'eau

  • Arnaud Buchs

    ()

    (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : FRE3389 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)

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    Cet article présente l'apport analytique du " mode d'usage de l'eau ", mobilisé dans le cadre d'une nouvelle approche institutionnaliste syncrétique développée par Billaudot, pour comprendre l'évolution des usages de l'eau. Dans une version amendée de celle initialement proposée par Arrus (2000), le mode d'usage comme domaine d'observation cadre la constitution du corpus empirique fondé sur une enquête par entretiens à usage complémentaire d'une analyse historiographique de l'évolution des usages de l'eau dans le secteur agricole à Almeria (sud-est de l'Andalousie) entre la fin du XIXe siècle et aujourd'hui. D'une part, le mode d'usage de l'eau nous permet de séquencer cette évolution en quatre périodes : les trois premières correspondent aux phases de genèse, de régime et de crise d'un mode d'usage particulier, tandis que la quatrième témoigne de l'émergence d'un nouveau mode d'usage visant à répondre aux limites du précédent. D'autre part, l'approche théorique mobilisée nous permet de caractériser le premier mode d'usage que nous qualifions d'" hydrauliciste " et de comprendre les déterminants de son entrée en crise (elle-même qualifiée selon une nouvelle typologie des crises). Enfin, nous montrons que, si le nouveau mode d'usage se propose de répondre aux limites du précédent, il ne procède pas d'une rupture paradigmatique mais correspond à un " régime de crise ".

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/71/66/93/PDF/CR12_Buchs_periodiser_2012-2.pdf
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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00716693.

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    Date of creation: 05 Jul 2012
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, Political Economy and the Outlook for Capitalism, Joint Conference AFEP - AHE - IIPPE, 2012, Paris, France
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00716693
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00716693
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