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Le système hydrique urbain : une grille d'analyse originale pour qualifier les défis de la gestion de l'eau dans les villes européennes

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  • Thomas Bolognesi

    () (LEPII-EDDEN - équipe EDDEN - LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cet article propose une nouvelle grille d'analyse, bâtie autour de la notion de " système hydrique urbain " (SHU). Elle permet de caractériser l'état de la gouvernance de l'eau dans les villes. L'élaboration de la grille s'appuie sur le concept d'encastrement institutionnel et, plus largement, sur la théorie néoinstitutionnaliste. Le SHU articule un volet institutionnel, les institutions régulant le système, à un volet économique, comprenant les usages et leur fourniture. Au final, l'apport du SHU réside dans sa capacité à rendre compte finement du processus de gouvernance en isolant les éléments internes du système, leurs interactions ainsi que les potentielles sources de dysfonctionnement. Après avoir présenté la construction de la grille d'analyse, l'article illustre une application possible, en traitant la question du renouvellement des infrastructures dans les villes européennes.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Bolognesi, 2012. "Le système hydrique urbain : une grille d'analyse originale pour qualifier les défis de la gestion de l'eau dans les villes européennes," Post-Print halshs-00719372, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00719372
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00719372
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    13. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00624303 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Keywords

    Économie institutionnelle; Soutenabilité; Gestion de l'eau; Europe; Ville;

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