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Disentangling trade reform impacts on firm market and production decisions

Author

Listed:
  • Maria Bas

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Caroline Paunov

    (OECD - Directorate for Science - Technology and Innovation)

Abstract

This paper disentangles the impacts of trade liberalization on firm market and production decisions. Using firm-product data for Ecuador, we exploit exogenous tariff changes at entry to the World Trade Organization and find positive effects of trade liberalization on revenue total factor productivity (TFP-R). Input-trade liberalization improves firm efficiency, measured by quantity total factor productivity (TFP-Q) and leads firms to raise their markups and to introduce new products following an increase in imported input quality. Output-trade liberalization also improves firm efficiency and raises marginal costs as firms increase input quality and improve the quality of their core products. Firms' markups and product scope decrease. Chinese imports also contributed positively to productivity while the exchange rate's volatility prior to dollarization had reverse effects. We find positive welfare effects as consumers were offered better and cheaper products. Trade liberalization also benefited the more productive firms introduce new or better products while less productive firms were more likely to exit.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Bas & Caroline Paunov, 2021. "Disentangling trade reform impacts on firm market and production decisions," Post-Print hal-03211401, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-03211401
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2021.103726
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03211401
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    1. Bas, Maria & Paunov, Caroline, 2021. "Input quality and skills are complementary and increase output quality: Causal evidence from Ecuador’s trade liberalization," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 151(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gains from trade; Input and output tariff reduction; Revenue and physical quantity total factor productivity (TFP-R; TFP-Q); Markups; Output and input prices; Firm-product-level data; Ecuador;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing

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