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Can labelling policies do more harm than good ? An analysis applied to environmental labelling schemes

Author

Listed:
  • Douadia Bougherara

    () (Économie et Sociologie Rurales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

  • Gilles Grolleau

    () (CESAER - Centre d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales Appliquées à l'Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AgroSup Dijon - Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, de l'Alimentation et de l'Environnement)

  • Luc Thiébaut

    (CESAER - Centre d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales Appliquées à l'Agriculture et aux Espaces Ruraux - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AgroSup Dijon - Institut National Supérieur des Sciences Agronomiques, de l'Alimentation et de l'Environnement)

Abstract

Dans certains cas, l'introduction d'un label peut avoir des effets pervers. Dans le domaine de la protection de l'environnement, l'introduction d'un éco-label peut aboutir à une dégradation plutôt qu'à une amélioration environnementale. Afin de prendre en compte la réaction des consommateurs, on introduit le concept d'élasticité environnementale qui permet une classification des biens. A l'aide d'un modèle simple, on dérive les conditions sous lesquelles le label mène à une dégradation environnementale. L'éco-label peut induire une augmentation de la quantité de bien éco-labellisé consommée. L'effet net sur l'environnement peut être pire qu'avant l'introduction du label : l'amélioration environnementale par unité de produit est compensée par l'augmentation de la quantité consommée.

Suggested Citation

  • Douadia Bougherara & Gilles Grolleau & Luc Thiébaut, 2005. "Can labelling policies do more harm than good ? An analysis applied to environmental labelling schemes," Post-Print hal-01939936, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01939936
    DOI: 10.1007/s10657-005-5273-6
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01939936
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    File URL: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01939936/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cesare Dosi & Michele Moretto, 2001. "Is Ecolabelling a Reliable Environmental Policy Measure?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 18(1), pages 113-127, January.
    2. Aaditya Mattoo & Harsha V. Singh, 1994. "Eco‐Labelling: Policy Considerations," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 53-65, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ben Youssef Adel & Abderrazak Chema, 2009. "Multiplicity of Eco-Labels, Competition, and the Environment," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-24, December.
    2. Lisette Ibanez & Gilles Grolleau, 2008. "Can Ecolabeling Schemes Preserve the Environment?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 40(2), pages 233-249, June.
    3. Grolleau, Gilles & Ibanez, Lisette & Lavoie, Nathalie, 2016. "Cause-related marketing of products with a negative externality," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(10), pages 4321-4330.
    4. von Geibler, Justus, 2007. "Biomassezertifizierung unter Wachstumsdruck: wie wirksam sind Nachhaltigkeitsstandards bei steigender Nachfrage," Wuppertal Papers 168, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy.
    5. Cristiano Codagnone & Giuseppe Alessandro Veltri & Francesco Bogliacino & Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva & George Gaskell & Andriy Ivchenko & Pietro Ortoleva & Francesco Mureddu, 2016. "Labels as nudges? An experimental study of car eco-labels," Economia Politica: Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, Springer;Fondazione Edison, vol. 33(3), pages 403-432, December.
    6. Li, Yuanhao & van 't Veld, Klaas, 2015. "Green, greener, greenest: Eco-label gradation and competition," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 164-176.
    7. repec:taf:tcpoxx:v:16:y:2016:i:6:p:792-802 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Gilles Grolleau & Lisette Ibanez & Naoufel Mzoughi & Mario Teisl, 2016. "Helping eco-labels to fulfil their promises," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(6), pages 792-802, August.
    9. Frank Wijen & Mireille Chiroleu-Assouline, 2019. "Controversy Over Voluntary Environmental Standards: A Socioeconomic Analysis of the Marine Stewardship Council," Post-Print halshs-02071504, HAL.
    10. Haq, Gary & Weiss, Martin, 2016. "CO2 labelling of passenger cars in Europe: Status, challenges, and future prospects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 324-335.

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