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Réformer le Pacte de stabilité : l'état du débat

Listed author(s):
  • Catherine Mathieu

    ()

    (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

  • Henri Sterdyniak

    ()

    (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

L'article présente l'état du débat sur les réformes du Pacte de stabilité, dont les défauts sont apparus nettement lors du ralentissement économique de 2001-2002. La première partie rappelle les modalités actuelles du contrôle des politiques budgétaires dans la zone euro : la limite des déficits publics à 3 % du PIB, les programmes de stabilité, les Grandes orientations des politiques économiques. La deuxième en analyse les défauts : l'arbitraire des critères de finances publiques et l'absence d'une réelle coordination des politiques économiques. La troisième discute les propositions récentes de la Commission qui visent à renforcer l'influence communautaire sur les politiques budgétaires nationales. La quatrième partie discute diverses propositions : fédéralisme budgétaire, adoption d'une règle d'or des finances publiques (équilibre du solde public structurel hors investissements publics), mise en place de comités de politique budgétaire, contrôle des dettes plus que des déficits. La cinquième partie présente une nouvelle proposition de réforme : les politiques budgétaires nationales auraient la charge de gérer l'arbitrage entre inflation et production, sous une contrainte d'inflation de moyen terme ; la politique monétaire aurait un objectif de taux d'intérêt.

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File URL: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01018168/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-01018168.

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Date of creation: Jan 2003
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences Po, 2003, pp.145-179
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01018168
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01018168
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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  1. Cécile Denis & Kieran Mc Morrow & Werner Röger, 2002. "Production function approach to calculating potential growth and output gaps - estimates for the EU Member States and the US," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 176, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  2. Jérôme Creel & Henri Sterdyniak, 1998. "Du bon usage des politiques monétaire et budgétaire en Europe," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(1), pages 167-196.
  3. Jean-Paul Fitoussi & Francesco Saraceno, 2002. "A Theory of Social Custom of Which Soft Growth May Be One Consequence. Tales of the European Stability Pact," Sciences Po publications n°2002-07, Sciences Po.
  4. Jérôme Creel & Henri Sterdyniak, 1995. "Les déficits publics en Europe : causes, conséquences ou remèdes à la crise ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 54(1), pages 57-100.
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  7. Bayoumi, Tamim & Masson, Paul R., 1995. "Fiscal flows in the United States and Canada: Lessons for monetary union in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 253-274, February.
  8. Marco Buti & Sylvester Eijffinger & Daniele Franco, 2003. "Revisiting the Stability and Growth Pact: grand design or internal adjustment?," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 180, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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  10. Ludger Schuknecht, 2002. "The Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 1(3), pages 81-116.
  11. Blanchard, Olivier J & Giavazzi, Francesco, 2004. "Improving the SGP Through a Proper Accounting of Public Investment," CEPR Discussion Papers 4220, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Jérôme Creel & Thierry Latreille & Jacques Le Cacheux, 2002. "Le Pacte de stabilité et les politiques budgétaires dans l'Union européenne," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 245-297.
  13. Marco Buti & Gabriele Giudice, 2002. "Maastricht's Fiscal Rules at Ten: An Assessment," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(5), pages 823-848, December.
  14. Fabrice Capoen & Henri Sterdyniak & Pierre Villa, 1994. "Indépendance des banques centrales, politiques monétaire et budgétaire : une approche stratégique," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(1), pages 65-102.
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  17. Dominique Bureau & Paul Champsaur, 1992. "Fédéralisme budgétaire et unification économique européenne," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(1), pages 87-99.
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