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Bilan de la dévaluation du Franc CFA et du Pacte de convergence dans l’UEMOA

Author

Listed:
  • Adama Diaw

    (GERSEG, Université Gaston Berger, Sénégal)

  • Mamadou Diop

    (Chercheur associé au CREM CNRS, UMR 6211 (Université de Rennes 1), France)

Abstract

This article is an extension of former empirical studies on fiscal policy and economic stabilization in the UEMOA area (DIOP M. and DIAW A., 2014). It presents the results of the first decade of macroeconomic policies following the devaluation of the CFA franc in 1994 and the adoption of the convergence pact by the UEMOA countries in 1999. The goal is to assess through national macroeconomic accounts and public finances the contribution of different sectors to the economic growth of this area, mainly the public and the commercial sectors, and then measure the results of the convergence pact. This paper states that the devaluation did not have the expected effects on the Union countries because it ended up with a negative contribution of the commercial sector to the economic growth from 1994 to 2003 except in the Ivory Coasts. This situation has its origins in the managerial policy of the public sector. The fiscal measures defined in the Convergence Pact caused pro-cyclical fiscal policies that led to a malfunction of the automatic stabilizers despite the perfect management of the public debt evolution.

Suggested Citation

  • Adama Diaw & Mamadou Diop, 2015. "Bilan de la dévaluation du Franc CFA et du Pacte de convergence dans l’UEMOA," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201505, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  • Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:201505
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    File URL: https://ged.univ-rennes1.fr/nuxeo/site/esupversions/79a33ab4-20f1-4903-864a-869e0034363e
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    dévaluation; Franc CFA; Pacte de convergence; UEMOA; Croissance;

    JEL classification:

    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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