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Impact du pacte de convergence, de stabilité et de croissance sur la convergence réelle dans l’UEMOA
[The impact of convergence, stability and growth pact on real convergence in the WAEMU]

Author

Listed:
  • Combey, Adama
  • Mally, Komla

Abstract

The nominal convergence knows regular monitoring and a growing interest in the WAEMU countries. However, few studies have examined the real convergence of the WAEMU countries and in particular the contribution of the convergence, stability and growth pact (PCSC) to the dynamics of the real convergence. This paper aims to analyze the effect of this pact on the dynamics of real convergence. After examining the concept of sigma-convergence and convergence in distribution, we use the beta-convergence approach with panel data to control for differences in the technologies state of countries. After bias correction of endogeneity problem by using the system GMM method, the results suggest that the hypothesis of conditional convergence can not be rejected and that the pact adopted by WAEMU countries triple the real convergence speed of approximation of real per capita GDP of member countries of the WAEMU during the period 1997-2008. Thus the adoption of the PCSC has improved the standard of life for WEAMU member countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Combey, Adama & Mally, Komla, 2010. "Impact du pacte de convergence, de stabilité et de croissance sur la convergence réelle dans l’UEMOA
    [The impact of convergence, stability and growth pact on real convergence in the WAEMU]
    ," MPRA Paper 24408, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:24408
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/24408/1/MPRA_paper_24408.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bertola, Giuseppe & Drazen, Allan, 1993. "Trigger Points and Budget Cuts: Explaining the Effects of Fiscal Austerity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 11-26, March.
    2. Francesco Giavazzi & Marco Pagano, 1995. "Non-Keynesian Effects of Fiscal Policy Changes: International Evidence and the Swedish Experience," NBER Working Papers 5332, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
    4. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
    5. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1990. "Economic Growth and Convergence across The United States," NBER Working Papers 3419, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Woodford, Michael, 2001. "Fiscal Requirements for Price Stability," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 33(3), pages 669-728, August.
    7. Jeffrey Frankel & Andrew Rose, 2002. "An Estimate of the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade and Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 437-466.
    8. Nazrul Islam, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-1170.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pacte de convergence; de stabilité et de croissance; Convergence nominale ; Convergence réelle ; Différences de technologie ; Bêta-convergence ; Panel dynamique ; GMM.;

    JEL classification:

    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics

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