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Dépenses publiques, progrès technique et croissance

Author

Listed:
  • Patrick Artus
  • Moncef Kaabi

Abstract

[fre] Dépenses publiques, progrès technique et croissance. . Nous examinons le lien entre dépenses publiques et croissance d'un double point de vue : théorique et empirique. Nous développons tout d'abord deux modèles théoriques qui exhibent la possibilité qu'un surcroît de dépenses publiques ait un effet durable sur la croissance, même si la solvabilité de l'État impose que les dépenses supplémentaires soient compensées par des réductions ultérieures de dépenses ou par des impôts.. Dans une seconde partie, nous examinons économétriquement le lien entre dépenses publiques, totales ou en recherche-développement, effort d'innovation public ou privé, investissement ou épargne, population et croissance. Notre analyse consiste à tenter d'expliquer les différences entre vingt et un pays de l'OCDE en ce qui concerne les évolutions moyennes des années soixante-dix et des années quatre-vingt. [eng] Public expenditures, technical progress and growth. . We analyze the link between public expenditures and growth from both a theoretical and an empirical point of view.. We first develop two theoretical models where public expenditues can have a permanent effect on growth, even if the solvency constraint implies that supplementary spending is compensated by future decreases in spending or by increased taxes.. In a second part, we build econometric equations explaining the differences between 21 OECD countries for the average growth rates during the 70's and 80's.. The explanatory variables introduced are public spending as a whole or in research and development, public or private research expenditures, investment in fixed capital and national savings, population growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick Artus & Moncef Kaabi, 1993. "Dépenses publiques, progrès technique et croissance," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 44(2), pages 287-318.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1993_num_44_2_409451
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    Cited by:

    1. Claire Loupias & Bertrand Crettez & Isabelle Job, 1997. "Dette publique et croissance endogène," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(6), pages 1439-1455.
    2. Adama Diaw & Mamadou Diop, 2015. "Bilan de la dévaluation du Franc CFA et du Pacte de convergence dans l’UEMOA," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201505, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    3. Pierre-Yves Hénin & Pierre Ralle, 1993. "Les nouvelles théories de la croissance : quelques apports pour la politique économique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 44(1), pages 75-100.
    4. Taoufik Rajhi & Michel Guillard, 1994. "Une note sur les liens entre croissance et taux d'intérêt," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 751-766.
    5. Sylvie Charlot, 1996. "Effects of public expenditures on economic development : a model of regional equilibrium
      [Les effets des dépenses publiques sur la croissance : un modèle d'équilibre régional]
      ," Working Papers hal-01526935, HAL.

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