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Children's GrI-Creativity: Effects of Limited Resources in Creative Drawing

Author

Listed:
  • Giuseppe Attanasi

    (Université Côte d'Azur, France
    GREDEG CNRS)

  • Michela Chessa

    (Université Côte d'Azur, France
    GREDEG CNRS)

  • Carlo Ciucani

    (LUISS University, Rome, Italy)

  • Sara Gil Gallen

    (Università degli studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", Italy)

Abstract

We define GrI-creativity as the specific creative cognition process resulting in green innovation, i.e., directed toward the generation of green rather than non-green products. In this work, we developed an operational way to investigate the GrI-creativity process and its determinants through a lab-in-the-field experiment with primary school children aged from 7 to 11 years old. Subjects performed a common drawing task, but with different means: only a black marker, any color among twelve (including black), or three among the same twelve color set. Our findings show that (i) freedom of choice in the used tools is boosting creativity, (ii) limited resources do not boost creativity, but they are not detrimental either. According to our results, GrI-creativity can be enhanced by providing fewer resources, but ensuring that individuals are given some discretion when it comes to choosing which of them to use. Therefore, we combine our experimental method with insights from social psychology. We provide evidence of a highly significant positive effect on creativity of three personal traits of the subjects, namely: a high score at the Cognitive Reflection Test, self-perception of creativity and the practice of sport in daily life. All these results are in line with the existing literature investigating the determinants of creativity. More surprisingly, we do not find evidence of a role of the risk preferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuseppe Attanasi & Michela Chessa & Carlo Ciucani & Sara Gil Gallen, 2020. "Children's GrI-Creativity: Effects of Limited Resources in Creative Drawing," GREDEG Working Papers 2020-34, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
  • Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2020-34
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Giuseppe Attanasi & Ylenia Curci & Patrick Llerena & Maria del Pino Ramos-Sosa & Adriana Carolina Pinate & Giulia Urso, 2019. "Looking at Creativity from East to West: Risk Taking and Intrinsic Motivation in Socially and Culturally Diverse Countries," Working Papers of BETA 2019-38, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    2. Thomas Dohmen & Armin Falk & David Huffman & Uwe Sunde & Jürgen Schupp & Gert G. Wagner, 2011. "Individual Risk Attitudes: Measurement, Determinants, And Behavioral Consequences," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 522-550, June.
    3. Giuseppe Attanasi & Michela Chessa & Sara Gil Gallen & Patrick Llerena, 2020. "A Survey on Experimental Elicitation of Creativity in Economics," GREDEG Working Papers 2020-20, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
    4. Gary Charness & Daniela Grieco, 2019. "Creativity and Incentives," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 17(2), pages 454-496.
    5. Giuseppe Attanasi & Ylenia Curci & Patrick Llerena & Giulia Urso, 2019. "Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivators on Creative Collaboration: The Effect of Sharing Rewards," GREDEG Working Papers 2019-20, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
    6. Sutter, Matthias & Zoller, Claudia & Glätzle-Rützler, Daniela, 2019. "Economic behavior of children and adolescents – A first survey of experimental economics results," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 98-121.
    7. Dan Ariely & Uri Gneezy & George Loewenstein & Nina Mazar, 2009. "Large Stakes and Big Mistakes," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(2), pages 451-469.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Creativity; Green Innovation; Experimental Economics; Social Psychology;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General

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