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Costes irrecuperables de exportación, productividad y elección de mercado de exportación de las empresas españolas


  • José Vicente Blanes Cristóbal

    () (Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

  • Juliette Milgram Baleix

    () (Universidad de Granada. Department of Economic Theory and History)


Este trabajo analiza si los costes irrecuperables de exportación difieren según el mercado de exportación y como ello afecta a la decisión de exportar de las empresas españolas. Dado que las pequeñas y medianas empresas presentan características distintas a las grandes empresas, analizamos también si estos costes irrecuperables afectan de manera distinta a la decisión de exportar en función del tamaño de la empresa. Del mismo modo se analiza si la productividad afecta a la decisión de exportar de un modo distinto en función el destino. Para ello, utilizamos una muestra continua de empresas extraída de la Encuesta sobre Estrategias Empresariales (ESEE) del período 1990-2002. Nuestros resultados muestran que los costes para entrar (y volver a entrar) son distintos según el mercado de exportación y, aunque en menor medida, según el tamaño de la empresa. El valor de la experiencia exportadora a la UE ayuda tanto a exportar a la UE como a la OCDE pero no al RDM. Esto es así tanto para empresas grandes como pequeñas. La productividad es un factor especialmente relevante en los destinos de exportación más avanzados tales como la UE.

Suggested Citation

  • José Vicente Blanes Cristóbal & Juliette Milgram Baleix, 2009. "Costes irrecuperables de exportación, productividad y elección de mercado de exportación de las empresas españolas," FEG Working Paper Series 09/04, Faculty of Economics and Business (University of Granada).
  • Handle: RePEc:gra:fegper:09/04

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    : costes irrecuperables; empresas heterogéneas; mercados de exportación; productividad;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade


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