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Home Market Effect and Regulation Costs - Homogeneous Firm and Heterogeneous Firm Trade Models

This paper studies how market-specific entry sunk costs (regulation costs) affect the Home Market Effect (HME) with firm marginal costs heterogeneity. Our model is based on the Dixit-Stiglitz monopolistic competition model with firm heterogeneity plus regulation costs difference. We find that a regulation costs gap works as dispersion force by inducing a market potential gap, which reduces the HME and could cause the reverse HME or the anti-HME. The Home Market Magnification Effect (HMME) in terms of trade openness is hump-shaped, whereas the pro-HMME in terms of regulation costs coordination by technical barriers to trade (TBT) agreements can be found. Firm heterogeneity dampens the dispersion force by the regulation costs difference and thus works as an agglomeration force. Firm heterogeneity causes a perfect spatial sorting, in which a large country attracts only high productivity firms and vice versa.

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File URL: http://repec.graduateinstitute.ch/pdfs/Working_papers/HEIWP02-2006.pdf
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Paper provided by Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies in its series IHEID Working Papers with number 02-2006.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: 15 Jan 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gii:giihei:heiwp02-2006
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  1. Robert Baldwin & Frédéric Robert-Nicoud, 2006. "Trade and growth with heterogeneous firms," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19856, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Marius BRÜLHART & Federico TRIONFETTI, 2001. "A Test of Trade Theories when Expenditure is Home Biased," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 01.11, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  3. Donald R. Davis & David E. Weinstein, 1998. "Market Access, Economic Geography and Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Assessment," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1850, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  4. Matthieu Crozet & Federico Trionfetti, 2007. "Trade Costs and the Home Market Effect," Working Papers 2007-05, CEPII research center.
  5. Davis, D.R. & Weinstein, D.E., 1997. "Does Economic Geography Matter for International Specialization?," Papers 591, Harvard - Institute for International Development.
  6. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2000. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development 105, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
  7. Kristian, BEHRENS & Jacques-François, THISSE, 2005. "Regional inequality and product variety," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2005013, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
  8. Keith Head & John Ries, 2003. "Heterogeneity and the FDI versus Export Decision of Japanese Manufacturers," NBER Working Papers 10052, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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