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Cross Holding and Imperfect Product Markets

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  • Matthew J. Clayton
  • Bjorn N. Jorgensen

Abstract

We consider a setting in which two firms first choose equity positions in each others stock (cross holdings) and then compete in an imperfect product market. We demonstrate that cross holdings lead to higher firm profits and higher consumer surplus when the competitors’ products are complements. We find that cross holdings lead to lower firm profits and higher consumer surplus when the products are substitutes. This finding is in contrast to the existing literature which establishes that cross holdings leads

Suggested Citation

  • Matthew J. Clayton & Bjorn N. Jorgensen, 1999. "Cross Holding and Imperfect Product Markets," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 99-058, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:nystfi:99-058
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    File URL: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/fin/workpapers/papers99/wpa99058.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fershtman, Chaim & Judd, Kenneth L, 1987. "Equilibrium Incentives in Oligopoly," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(5), pages 927-940, December.
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    3. Steven D. Sklivas, 1987. "The Strategic Choice of Managerial Incentives," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 18(3), pages 452-458, Autumn.
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    5. Reitman, David, 1993. "Stock Options and the Strategic Use of Managerial Incentives," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 513-524, June.
    6. Brander, James A. & Lewis, Tracy R., 1986. "Oligopoly and Financial Structure: The Limited Liability Effect," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 956-970, December.
    7. Hansen, Robert G & Lott, John R, Jr, 1995. "Profiting from Induced Changes in Competitors' Market Values: The Case of Entry and Entry Deterrence," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(3), pages 261-276, September.
    8. Joseph Farrell & Carl Shapiro, 1990. "Asset Ownership and Market Structure in Oligopoly," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(2), pages 275-292, Summer.
    9. Diamond, Douglas W. & Verrecchia, Robert E., 1987. "Constraints on short-selling and asset price adjustment to private information," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 277-311, June.
    10. Reynolds, Robert J. & Snapp, Bruce R., 1986. "The competitive effects of partial equity interests and joint ventures," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 141-153, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Feenstra, Robert C. & Huang, Deng-Shing & Hamilton, Gary G., 2003. "A market-power based model of business groups," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 459-485, August.
    2. Erlend Nier, 1998. "Managers, Debt and Industry Equilibrium," FMG Discussion Papers dp289, Financial Markets Group.

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