Do Canadian Firms Respond to Fiscal Incentives To Research and Development?
This study examines the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives using an unbalanced panel of 434 Canadian firms. Not all firms in the sample are R&D performers. A B-index summarizing the various tax incentives for R&D is constructed for each firm, taking into account individual ceilings in the use of relevant tax incentives. A generalized Tobit model with fixed effects is estimated. A one percent increase in the federal tax credit of R&D yields an average of $0.98 additional R&D expenditure per dollar of tax revenues foregone.
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