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Incentivos fiscales en ciencia, tecnología e innovación: una revisión y análisis de la experiencia internacional

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  • Hernan Jaramillo Salazar
  • Carlos Pombo
  • Juan Miguel Gallego

Abstract

Economists have shown that investments in science and technology (S&T) have an important impact on country's economic growth and productivity gains. Nowadays there is no doubt of the importance in providing public funding for S&T activities. Public policies have been oriented to provide incentives for private spending in S&T as a mechanism to enhance productive efficiency. In this regard, fiscal incentives play a crucial role to channel private efforts in research and development (R&D) projects. International experience based on the OECD case, shows that 10% decrease in the User Cost of Capital due to fiscal incentives will increase 1% R&D spending in the short run and might reach a 10% increase in the long run. ********************************************************************** Los economistas han mostrado que las inversiones en ciencia y tecnología tienen un impacto importante sobre las tasas de crecimiento económico y sobre la productividad de un país. Por tal razón hoy pocos países discuten sobre la importancia de destinar recursos públicos a dicha inversión. La agenda de política esta enfocada es a mantener un sistema de ciencia y tecnología e innovación tecnológica donde se estimule la inversión privada y se integre a las políticas públicas. Es en este punto donde los incentivos fiscales han sido cruciales en la generación de recursos privados para la ciencia y la tecnología y la mayoría de países desarrollados y algunos en desarrollo los han implementado como un mecanismo eficiente. La experiencia internacional muestra que en los países de la OCDE por una caída en un 10% del costo del capital en I&D, vía incentivos fiscales, se aumenta las inversiones en este bien en un 1% en el corto plazo y estas inversiones pueden llegar a ser del 10% en el largo plazo.

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  • Hernan Jaramillo Salazar & Carlos Pombo & Juan Miguel Gallego, 2002. "Incentivos fiscales en ciencia, tecnología e innovación: una revisión y análisis de la experiencia internacional," Borradores de Investigación 002828, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000091:002828
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ms. Valerie A Mercer-Blackman, 2008. "The Impact of Research and Development Tax Incentives on Colombia’s Manufacturing Sector: What Difference Do They Make?," IMF Working Papers 2008/178, International Monetary Fund.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    I&D; productividad; incentivos fiscales; ciencia y tecnología;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis

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