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Do Canadian Firms Respond to Fiscal Incentives to Research and Development?

  • Marcel Dagenais
  • Pierre Mohnen
  • Pierre Therrien

This study examines the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives using an unbalanced panel of 434 Canadian firms. Not all firms in the sample are R&D performers. A B-index summarizing the various tax incentives for R&D is constructed for each firm, taking into account individual ceilings in the use of the relevant tax incentives. A generalized Tobit model with fixed effects is estimated. A one percent increase in the federal tax credit to R&D yields an average of $0.98 additional R&D expenditure per dollar of tax revenues foregone (for firms with a ceiling in their use of federal tax credit). Using the same measure on firms which are not subject to a ceiling, we obtain $1.04. Tax transfers represent more than 80% of the cost of government support to R&D. Cet articleétudie l'effet des incitatifs fiscaux à la R&D à partir d'unéchantillon non cylindré de 434 firmes canadiennes (dont certaines ne font pas de R&D). Avec les données de Compustat, nous estimons un modèle Tobit généralisé (à effet fixe). Ce modèle détermine notamment l'effet du prix effectif de la R&D (indice-B tenant compte des différents plafonds dans l'utilisation des incitatifs fiscaux) sur le stock de la recherche. En augmentant d'un pourcent le crédit d'impôt fédéral à la R&D, nous obtenons en moyenne 0,98$ de dépenses additionnelles de R&D par dollar de dépense fiscale (firme ayant un plafond d'utilisation du crédit fédéral). Ce résultat est majoré à 1,04$ pour les firmes pouvant utiliser la totalité du crédit fédéral. Le transfert fiscal représente plus de 80 % du coût du soutien à la R&D par le gouvernement.

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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 97s-34.

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Length: 50 pages
Date of creation: 01 Oct 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:97s-34
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  1. Rachel Griffith & David Sandler & John Van Reenen, 1995. "Tax incentives for R&D," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 16(2), pages 21-44, May.
  2. Charles P. Himmelberg & Bruce C. Petersen, 1991. "R&D and internal finance: a panel study of small firms in high-tech industries," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-25, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  3. Jeffrey I. Bernstein & M. Ishaq Nadiri, 1988. "Rates Of Return On Physical And R&D Capital And Structure Of The Production Process: Cross Section And Time Series Evidence," NBER Working Papers 2570, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Mamuneas, Theofanis P. & Ishaq Nadiri, M., 1996. "Public R&D policies and cost behavior of the US manufacturing industries," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 57-81, December.
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  6. Dagenais, Marcel G., 1994. "Parameter estimation in regression models with errors in the variables and autocorrelated disturbances," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1-2), pages 145-163.
  7. Shah, Anwar & DEC, 1994. "The economics of research and development : how research and development capital affects production and markets and is affected by tax incentives," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1325, The World Bank.
  8. Palda Kristian & Bornier Jean Magnan de, 1993. "Innovation Policy and Canada's Competitiveness," Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines, De Gruyter, vol. 4(4), pages 3, December.
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  13. Mansfield, Edwin & Switzer, Lorne, 1985. "The effects of R&D tax credits and allowances in Canada," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 97-107, April.
  14. Cordes, Joseph J., 1989. "Tax incentives and R&D spending: A review of the evidence," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 119-133, June.
  15. John Bound & Clint Cummins & Zvi Griliches & Bronwyn H. Hall & Adam B. Jaffe, 1984. "Who Does R&D and Who Patents?," NBER Chapters, in: R&D, Patents, and Productivity, pages 21-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Pollak, R.A. & Wales, T.J., 1990. "The Likelihood Dominance Criterion: A New Approach To Model Selection," Working Papers 90-10, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
  17. Robert E. Lucas & Jr., 1967. "Adjustment Costs and the Theory of Supply," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 321.
  18. Mohnen, Pierre A. & Nadiri, M. Ishaq & Prucha, Ingmar R., 1986. "R&D, production structure and rates of return in the U.S., Japanese and German manufacturing sectors: A non-separable dynamic factor demand model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 749-771, August.
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