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Bezahlte Freiwilligenarbeit - ein Widerspruch ?


  • Gmür, Markus

    (Pro Senectute Appenzell Ausserrhoden)

  • Gmür, Markus



In der Theorie zeichnet sich Freiwilligenarbeit dadurch aus, dass sie ohne Zwang und ohne eine entsprechende Bezahlung geleistet wird. In der Praxis zeigt sich jedoch, dass NPO für die Leistungen der Freiwilligen nicht selten ein Entgelt zahlen, das zwar deutlich unter marktüblichen Ansätzen liegt, aber in Summe einen signifikanten Betrag erreichen kann. Die Motivationsforschung warnt überwiegend vor den negativen Folgen einer Bezahlung für die Leistungsbereitschaft, weil es zu einer Verdrängung von intrinsischer durch extrinsische Motivation kommen kann. Eine Befragung von 284 Freiwilligen in einer Reihe von sozialen NPO vom Herbst 2010 kommt dagegen zu differenzierten Schlussfolgerungen.

Suggested Citation

  • Gmür, Markus & Gmür, Markus, 2012. "Bezahlte Freiwilligenarbeit - ein Widerspruch ?," FSES Working Papers 434, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Freiburg/Fribourg Switzerland.
  • Handle: RePEc:fri:fribow:fribow00434

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Agnès Festré, 2010. "Incentives And Social Norms: A Motivation-Based Economic Analysis Of Social Norms," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 511-538, July.
    2. Uri Gneezy & Aldo Rustichini, 2000. "Pay Enough or Don't Pay at All," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(3), pages 791-810.
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    More about this item


    Motivation; Freiwilligenarbeit; Nonprofit-Organisation;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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